ZECHARIAH 11, ESTRANGING ISRAEL
This article, which explains Zechariah 11, is dedicated to Christian Zionists and Jewish Zionists, soon to
regain their bonds of brotherhood.

In the end time, the estrangement between Judah (the known Jews) and the scattered ten tribes is
healed. The known Jews accept Christ and the scattered tribes are taught God's commandments,
statutes, and judgments and are gathered to return to Israel. One of the prophecies of that reconciliation
follows.

"And say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the
heathen, whither they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land:
and
I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to
them all
: and they shall be no more two nations (Judah, the known Jews and Israel, the ten tribes, found
in the Christian church), neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all: neither shall
they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their
transgressions: but
I will save them out of all their dwellingplaces, wherein they have sinned, and will
cleanse them
: so shall they be My people, and I will be their God. And David My servant shall be king
over them; and
they all shall have one shepherd (Christ): they shall also walk in My judgments, and
observe My statutes, and do them (all follow God's Law
)." (Ez. 37:21-24).

The bonds between Judah and the lost ten tribes were severed when Judah refused Christ and the lost
ten tribes left God's Law. Zechariah 11 shows the historic events that broke their bonds. (Some of the
verses of Zechariah 11 have an end time prophetic significance that is ignored in this essay.)

"Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars. Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen;
because the mighty are spoiled: howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down."
(Zech. 11:1,2).

The Lord gave Lebanon for an inheritance to the tribes of Israel. "Now Joshua was old and stricken in
years; and the Lord said unto him, Thou art old and stricken in years, and there remaineth yet very much
land to be possessed. This is the land that yet remaineth...  and
all Lebanon, toward the sunrising, from
Baalgad under mount Hermon unto the entering into Hamath
. All the inhabitants of the hill country from
Lebanon unto Misrephothmaim, and all the Sidonians, them will I drive out from before the children of
Israel: only divide thou it by lot unto the Israelites for an inheritance, as I have commanded thee."
(Joshua 13:1,2,5,6). Evidence that the battle for Lebanon was won is found in the records of Solomon.
"And all the cities of store that Solomon had, and cities for his chariots, and cities for his horsemen, and
that which Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, and in
Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion." (1
Kings 9:19). Solomon built storehouses in Hamath (note that Hamath is mentioned above as part of the
border of Israel's holdings in Lebanon). "And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, wherein
Solomon had built the house of the Lord, and his own house, that the cities which Huram had restored to
Solomon, Solomon built them, and caused the children of Israel to dwell there. And Solomon went to
Hamathzobah, and prevailed against it. And he built Tadmor in the wilderness, and
all the store cities,
which he built in Hamath
." (2 Chron. 8:1-4).

Israel was destined to lose possession of Lebanon. The trees, Israelites who inhabited Lebanon were
cut down and burned out and their possessions were stolen, "Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire
may devour thy cedars. Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled (looted)."
Trees are often used to symbolize men in scripture. "To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give
unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness;
that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that He might be glorified." (Is.
61:3).

Eventually, Assyria took possession of Lebanon and placed Assyrians there; then moved men from
Hamath to take possession of the conquered cities of the kingdom of northern Israel, Samaria. "And the
king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from
Hamath, and from
Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they
possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof." (2 Kings 17:24). However, there must remain a
portion of Israel in Hamath, for Hamath is one of the places where God will seek to recover His people.
"And it shall come to pass in that day, that
the Lord shall set His hand again the second time to recover
the remnant of His people
, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from
Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and
from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea." (Is. 11:11).

Prophecy decrees that Lebanon will again be part of the inheritance of Israel. "I will bring them again
also out of the land of Egypt, and gather them out of Assyria; and I will bring them into the land of Gilead
and
Lebanon; and place shall not be found for them." (Zech. 10:10). Also see Ezekiel 48:1.

The conquest of Bashan is recorded in Deuteronomy. "So the Lord our God delivered into our hands Og
also, the king of Bashan, and all his people: and we smote him until none was left to him remaining."
(Deut. 3:3). Bashan was given as a possession to Manasseh. "And the rest of Gilead, and all Bashan,
being the kingdom of Og, gave I unto the half tribe of Manasseh; all the region of Argob, with all Bashan,
which was called the land of giants." (Deut. 3:13). The land of Bashan was outside of Israel, on the other
side of the Jordan river. The tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh took their inheritance
in lands there. "From Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, (is the inheritance of)
the Gadites, and the
Reubenites, and the Manassites
, from Aroer, which is by the river Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan." (2
Kings 10:33).

Bible history records the loss of Bashan. "In those days the Lord began to cut Israel short: and Hazael
smote them in all the coasts of Israel; from Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the
Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the river Arnon, even Gilead and
Bashan." (2
Kings 10:32,33). All the inheritance east of the Jordan river was lost, "from Jordan eastward, all the land
of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manassites." The men of Gad, Reuben and
Manasseh were cut down, "howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down." Since
"the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel..." (Is. 5:7), the forest of the vineyard are the
righteous men of Israel.

"There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of
young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled." (Zech. 11:3). The shepherds of Gad, Reuben, and
Manasseh lamented as they fled from their lands, "there is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for
their glory (their flocks) is spoiled (looted; their flocks were stolen)." The young men of strength were
outraged on both sides of the Jordan, "a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is
spoiled." Particularly the tribes of Judah and Dan are associated with lions. "Judah is a lion’s whelp..."
(Gen. 49:9). "Dan is a lion’s whelp..." (Deut. 33:22). On the east side of the Jordan, the Gadites were also
associated with lions. "And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the
wilderness men of might, and men of war fit for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose
faces were like the faces of lions..." (1 Chron. 12:8). The roars of the lion-hearted came to nothing, "the
pride of Jordan is spoiled (taken away)." It was the will of God, "in those days the Lord began to cut
Israel short."

"Thus saith the Lord my God; Feed the flock of the slaughter; whose possessors slay them, and hold
themselves not guilty: and they that sell them say, Blessed be the Lord; for I am rich: and their own
shepherds pity them not." (Zech. 11:4,5).

The flock of the slaughter are men. "And ye My flock, the flock of My pasture, are men, and I am your
God, saith the Lord God." (Ez. 34:31). God sends the prophets Elijah and Elisha to minister to the people,
"feed the flock of the slaughter." Their ministry was of miracles. For example, God sent fire down from
heaven to light Elijah's altar and as a consequence 850 prophets of Baal were slain. (See 1 Kings 18.)
Elisha provided water for a great army and smote an invading army with blindness. (See 2 Kings 3:9-20
and 2 Kings 6:18-23). Both raised the dead. (See 1 Kings 17:22,23 and 2 Kings 4:32-35).

The kings and priests sin against God and do not consider how God's wrath effects the lives of the
people, the flock "whose possessors slay them, and hold themselves not guilty."  They consider only
their power and wealth, "they that sell them say, Blessed be the Lord; for I am rich: and their own
shepherds pity them not." The result of the wickedness of the kings of Samaria was extreme turmoil. God
sent Baasha to destroy  King Jeroboam's successor, his son Nadab and all Jeroboam's family. (See 1
Kings 15:25-30). When King Baasha also offended God, He raised Zimri to slay Elah, Baasha's son and
successor, and all Baasha'a family. This caused a civil war from which Omri emerged King. (See 1 Kings
16:1-23). Omri's son and successor, Ahab, worshipped Baal. God raised up Jehu to slay him, and his
family. (See 2 Kings 9; 10:1-17). God promised Jehu four generations of kingship for overthrowing the
prophets of Baal. (See 2 Kings 10:18-30).

"For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith the Lord: but, lo, I will deliver the men every one
into his neighbour’s hand, and into the hand of his king: and they shall smite the land, and out of their
hand I will not deliver them." (Zech. 11:6). After the whirlwind takes Elijah to heaven and Elisha dies on
earth, eventually God stopped pitying Israel and subjected the two kingdoms, particularly Samaria, to
more extreme turmoil, "and Elisha died, and they buried him. And the bands of the Moabites invaded the
land at the coming in of the year." (2 Kings 13:20). In the fifth generation reign of Jehu's great grandson,
Shallum, the throne was usurped by Menahem. The land came under the burden of paying tribute to
Assyria, and he became their king, "I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour’s hand, and into
the hand of his king." (See 2 Kings 15:14-20). The kingdom was usurped again from Menahem's son,
Pekahiah. During the reign of the usurper, Pekah, the king of Assyria invaded and took part of Israel,
including the whole land of Naphtali, captive, "and they shall smite the land." (See 2 Kings 15:23-29).
Pekah's throne was usurped by Hoshea. (See 2 Kings 15:30). Finally, during Hoshea's reign, God allowed
the king of Assyria to conquer Samaria, and carry many of the people of Samaria away captive, "and out
of their hand I will not deliver them." (See 2 Kings 17:6). Those who escaped captivity fled the land.

"And I will feed the flock of slaughter, even you, O poor of the flock. And I took unto me two staves; the
one I called Beauty, and the other I called Bands; and I fed the flock." (Zech. 11:7). So the Lord decided to
feed the remnant of Israel, the flock of Judah, Himself, "and I will feed the flock of slaughter, even you, O
poor of the flock." Staves, overlaid with metal, were used to bear the holy objects in the temple. "And
thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold. And thou shalt put the staves into
the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them. The staves shall be in the rings of
the ark: they shall not be taken from it." (Ex. 25:13-15). The staves of this scripture are also holy.

God sent His only begotten Son, Christ, to minister to the flock, "I took unto me two staves; the one I
called Beauty." Beauty was Christ, not for His physical self, but for His spiritual self. "For he shall grow
up before Him (God) as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground (away from the land of His birth,
Judah): He hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see Him,
there is no beauty that we should
desire him
. He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid
as it were our faces from Him; He was despised, and we esteemed Him not. Surely He hath borne our
griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
But He was
wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was
upon Him; and with His stripes we are healed.
" (Is. 53:2-5).

Bands is often used in the scriptures to mean bonds. "I drew them with cords of a man, with
bands of
love: and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I laid meat unto them." (Hosea 11:
4). Here it means a loving bondage, the Law of God. "Thou shalt keep therefore His statutes, and His
commandments, which I command thee this day, that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after
thee, and that thou mayest prolong thy days upon the earth, which the Lord thy God giveth thee, for
ever." (Deut. 4:40). Keeping the Law of God gives His people a claim on His mercy, He is "shewing mercy
unto thousands of them that love Me, and keep My commandments." (Ex. 20:6).

In the days of Christ, this message of God's Law was revived by John the Baptist, the other stave, that
was called Bands. "Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being
governor of Judaea... Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the
son of Zacharias in the wilderness. And
he (John the Baptist) came into all the country about Jordan,
preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins
; as it is written in the book of the words of
Esaias (Isaiah) the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the
Lord, make his paths straight." (Luke 3:1-4).

"Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul loathed them, and their soul also abhorred
me." (Zech. 11:8). The three shepherds were the three men most influential in causing the crucifixion of
Christ, Annas and Caiaphas (spiritual shepherds), who took Christ to Pontius Pilate for judgment, and
Pontius Pilate the governor (a secular shepherd), who found no fault in Christ and condemned Him to
death. "Now Annas had sent Him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest. Then led they Jesus from
Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment... Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye
against this man? Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring Him forth to you,
that ye may know that I find no fault in Him. When the chief priests therefore and officers saw Him, they
cried out, saying, Crucify Him, crucify Him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye Him, and crucify Him: for I find
no fault in Him... Then delivered he (Pilate) Him (Christ) therefore unto them to be crucified. And they
took Jesus, and led Him away." (John 18:24,28,29; 19:4,6,16).

"Then said I, I will not feed you: that that dieth, let it die; and that that is to be cut off, let it be cut off; and
let the rest eat every one the flesh of another." (Zech. 11:9)." After John was beheaded and Christ was
crucified, God ceased to guide and protect the people of Judah. This led to their banishment from the
Holy Land and eventually the Holocaust.

"And I took My staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break My covenant which I had made
with all the people." (Zech. 11:10). Christ was crucified, "and I took My staff, even Beauty, and cut it
asunder." God abhors innocent blood, "And also (condemned) for the innocent blood that he shed: for
he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood; which the Lord would not pardon." (2 Kings 24:4). The innocent
blood of Christ, the Son who walked with God in perfect holiness, was enough to break God's covenant
with all of Judah, "that I might break My covenant which I had made with all the people."

"And it was broken in that day: and so the poor of the flock that waited upon Me knew that it was the
word of the Lord." (Zech. 11:11). The covenant was broken on the day Christ was crucified, "and it was
broken in that day." The risen Christ appeared to those who loved Him and had given up all material
possessions to be His disciples and who were waiting for God to bring forth His Kingdom, and He taught
them how He had fulfilled the scriptures, "so the poor of the flock that waited upon Me knew that it was
the word of the Lord."

"And he (the risen Christ) said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet
with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets,
and in the psalms, concerning Me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the
scriptures, and said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from
the dead the third day: and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name
among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And ye are witnesses of these things. And, behold, I send the
promise of My Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from
on high." (Luke 24:44-49).

"And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my
price thirty pieces of silver." (Zech. 11:12). Judas, one of Christ's disciples betrayed Him to the priests  
for thirty pieces of silver. "Then one of the twelve (disciples), called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief
priests, and said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver Him unto you? And they covenanted
with Him for thirty pieces of silver. And from that time he sought opportunity to betray Him." (Matt. 26:14-
16).

"And the Lord said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took
the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the Lord." (Zech. 11:13). The
fulfillment of this prophecy is described in Matthew.

"Then Judas, which had betrayed Him, when he saw that He (Christ) was condemned, repented himself,
and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, saying, I have sinned in that I
have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that. And he cast down
the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself. And the chief priests
took the silver pieces, and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury, because it is the price of
blood. And they took counsel, and bought with them the potter’s field, to bury strangers in. Wherefore
that field was called, The field of blood, unto this day. Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by
Jeremy (Jeremiah) the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was
valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value; and gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord
appointed me." (Matt. 27:3-10).
The actual prophecy that was fulfilled was not in the Book of Jeremiah
(which has no mention of thirty pieces of silver), but is this one in Zechariah 11. I can only assume that
God allowed the error as part of breaking the bonds between the tribe of Judah and the scattered ten
tribes.

"Then I cut asunder Mine other staff, even Bands, that I might break the brotherhood between Judah
and Israel." (Zech. 11:14). The Christian church was formed in Judah by Christ's disciples on the day
(Pentecost) that they received power from heaven. Once formed, the church was walking in God's Law.  

"And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly
there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were
sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And
they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them
utterance... Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of
Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words... (Peter
preached a long sermon, which is omitted.) Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and
the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls. And they continued steadfastly in
the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers." (Acts 2:1-4,14,41,42).

In order to break the Bands, the Christian church had to cease to follow God's Law. So God caused the
Christian church to break covenant with Him on the matter of circumcision. "This is My covenant, which
ye shall keep, between Me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be
circumcised. And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your
generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.
He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and My
covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. And the uncircumcised man child whose
flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken My
covenant." (Gen. 17:10,12-14).

The Apostle Paul taught that circumcision was unnecessary. "But as God hath distributed to every man,
as the Lord hath called every one, so let him walk. And so ordain I in all churches. Is any man called
being circumcised? let him not become uncircumcised. Is any called in uncircumcision? let him not be
circumcised. Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the
commandments of God. Let every man abide in the same calling wherein he was called." (1 Corr. 7:17-20).
This early teaching among the Christians was the beginning of breaking the bond, "then I cut asunder
mine other staff, even Bands, that I might break the brotherhood between Judah and Israel."

"And the Lord said unto me, Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd." (Zech. 11:15). As
the following verses show that this shepherd is a religious leader, the instruments (equipment) would
be some sort of religious paraphernalia. "And they shall take all the
instruments of ministry, wherewith
they minister in the sanctuary, and put them in a cloth of blue, and cover them with a covering of
badgers’ skins, and shall put them on a bar." (Num. 4:12). As the Christian church evolved, these
instruments were paper and pen for making copies of the scriptures. Then these instruments were used
to record changes in church law that further broke with God's Law.

The foolish shepherd is one who has forgotten the concept of Christian service. "But Jesus called them
unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that
are great exercise authority upon them. But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great
among you, let him be your minister; and whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant:
even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for
many." (Matt. 20:25-28). The position of Bishop is biblical. "A bishop then must be blameless, the husband
of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach..." (1 Timothy 3:2). The
position of Pope is not mentioned in the Bible, the concept is "father to the church" and the Apostle
Peter, who led the early church, is held up as the pattern for the office.

The foolish shepherd was the Bishop of Rome, who, with much church support, had claimed supremacy
over all the other Bishops by the 5th century. Thus the worldly concepts of power and position were
cemented into the fabric of the church.

"For, lo, I will raise up a shepherd in the land, which shall not visit those that be cut off, neither shall
seek the young one, nor heal that that is broken, nor feed that that standeth still: but he shall eat the
flesh of the fat, and tear their claws in pieces." (Zech. 11:16). The position of Bishop of Rome rapidly
evolved such power and prestige that, from the 6th century onward, the title Pope best fit the Bishop of
Rome, "lo, I will raise up a shepherd in the land." The Bishop of Rome was raised above the other
shepherds as the Pope. A history of the papacy is one of maneuvering for political power rather than
service to the needy of the flock, the shepherd "shall not visit those that be cut off (the dying), neither
shall seek the young one (teach the children), nor heal that that is broken (the injured), nor feed that
that standeth still (those who can't work)." But the papacy has always taken offerings from the rich and
powerful, "he shall eat the flesh of the fat." And the papacy has ruled over kings. Pope Gregory VII (1073-
1085) humbled Emperor Henry IV, forcing him to wait three days in the snow to beg for pardon. Pope
Gregory VII also claimed that he had the power to depose emperors, he and subsequent popes
established the papacy as a supreme authority over kings, popes could "tear their (the leaders of
nations) claws in pieces."

"Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right
eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened." (Zech. 11:17). The idol
shepherd is the pope, who claims to be infallible. The doctrine of Papal Infallibility first developed during
the Middle Ages and the Renaissance and it was formally defined in 1870. By contrast, Christ did not
even claim to be good. "And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou Me good? there is none good but
one, that is, God." (Mark 10:18). Only God is infallible, and by claiming infallibility, the papacy has raised
itself to the status of a god or idol and earned a curse (woe) for leaving the rest of the flock behind,
"Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock!"

The punishment (woe) for this idolatrous claim of infallibility is the destruction of support for the papacy,
"the sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right eye." The arm of the papacy is the Society of Jesus,
better known as the Jesuits. These power brokers stir the relations between the nations to benefit the
Catholic church, they "shall be clean dried up." The right eye of the papacy is Opus Dei, a Catholic
organization primarily of laymen and women, who keep the church informed of events in their
communities, the organization will cease to function,
"his right eye shall be utterly darkened."

Under the guidance of the Catholic popes, the bands of God's Law were completely broken. Between 300
AD and 600 AD they changed the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday, the feast days from Passover and
Tabernacles to Easter and Christmas, and did away with the New Moons, etc. "I will also cause all her
mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts." (Hosea 2:
11, also see No. 19, "Prophecies Of The End Time Church.")
The estrangement of Judah and Israel was
then complete, because the Sabbath is a Commandment and the feast days are "a statute for ever
."

"Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: but the
seventh day (Saturday on your calendar) is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any
work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy
stranger that is within thy gates: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in
them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it." (Ex.
20:8-11).

Except for the Sabbath, which is a Commandment, all of the feasts in Leviticus 23 are "a statute for
ever." Here is a sample, the feast of Tabernacles. "Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when
ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days: on the first day
shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. And ye shall take you on the first day the
boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook;
and ye shall rejoice before the Lord your God seven days. And ye shall keep it a feast unto the Lord
seven days in the year.
It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the
seventh month." (Lev. 23:39-41).

Amo Paul Bishop Roden