Part 1
The sixth trumpet is a repeat of the sixth angel message, the beginning of the sixth plague and comes
forth at the end time opening of the sixth seal. The scripture itself starts in the middle of Revelation 9 and
ends in the middle of Revelation 11. Because the sixth trumpet scripture is so long, I'll present it in small
sections, with Houteff's comments and a few of my own. Additionally, this essay, Part 1, will deal only with
the sixth trumpet scripture. The light on the sixth trumpet shed by the sixth angel message, the sixth
plague and the end time opening of the sixth seal will be discussed in Part 2.

A warning of the second woe precedes the sixth angel sounding her trumpet. "One woe is past; and,
behold, there come two woes more hereafter." (Rev. 12:9). Houteff blamed the woes on Satan's efforts.
"The woes, consequently, point first to Satan's persecuting the faithful in his endeavor to keep them from
embracing Christianity, and second to his persecuting the heathen in his endeavor to Christianize them!"
(V. T. Houteff, "Final Warning," 1942, p. 58). The second woe takes place during the sixth trumpet.

"And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before
God, saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great
river Euphrates." (Rev. 9:13,14).

Houteff commented: ""In coming from the "golden altar," the command, "Loose the four angels," shows
that the sixth trumpet sounded sometime before the vail to the Most Holy apartment of the heavenly
sanctuary was lifted. Otherwise the voice would have come from the throne -- the Most Holy place."" (Ibid,
p. 78).

Because the scroll had not unrolled to reveal the Holy Family in Houteff's time, he could not reveal that
the horns on the altars in the temple and tabernacle represented "the whole family in heaven and earth."
(Eph. 3:15). That means that the holy family on earth are represented by the horns on the brass sacrifice
altar (brass, which must be polished, symbolizes earthly righteousness), and the Holy Family in heaven
are represented by the horns on the golden incense altar (gold, which does not tarnish, symbolizes
heavenly purity). The voice coming "from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God" is
coming from a member of the Holy Family in heaven.

Which member of the Holy Family is speaking? Christ shares the heavenly throne with His Father. "To him
that overcometh will I grant to sit with Me in My (earthly) throne, even as I also overcame, and am set
down with My Father in His (heavenly) throne." (Rev. 3:21). Either could speak from the heavenly throne.
The Holy Ghost normally speaks from the mouth of prophets. "For the prophecy came not in old time by
the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost." (2 Peter 1:21). By the
process of elimination, it is likely that this is the Holy Spirit Mother speaking.

In further support of this assumption, the great things which happen during the sixth trumpet strongly
suggest that this is a reestablishment if the three fold ministry of Christ, the Holy Spirit and the Holy
Ghost. "And
Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the
wilderness." (Luke 4:1,KJV). That means that we should expect a joint ministry by Christ's King, the fourth
angel with a trumpet, and the Holy Ghost, the sixth angel with a trumpet, under the heavenly guidance of
the Holy Spirit and with some help from the fifth angel with a trumpet, a representative of the Holy Spirit.
Here the Holy Spirit, speaking from heaven, is telling the Holy Ghost,  "Loose the four angels which are
bound in the great river Euphrates." (Rev. 9:14).  

Of the command to loose the four angels, Houteff said, ""The capital city of ancient Babylon was built on
either side of the Euphrates... So because the original application must attach to the original settlers
there, the "great river Euphrates" emerges as a type of "the waters...where the whore sitteth" (Rev. 17:
15) -- modern Babylon. And this important truth is amplified by the fact that the ancient city, Babylon, does
not now exist, whereas prophecy calls for a Babylon today."

""Now in order for there to be a modern Babylon, there must necessarily be a repetition today of the
conditions and events essentially characterizing ancient Babylon in its connection with God's people.
Consequently, their captivity in Babylon, the type (Jer. 29:10), must find its parallel in Babylon, the
antitype. Very obviously, therefore, the angel's being "bound in the great river Euphrates" must be
figurative of the Christian church during the period of her captivity in antitypical Babylon -- "that great
city" rising after John' s time."" (Ibid, p. 80,81).

"And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year,
for to slay the third part of men." (Rev. 9:15).

Houteff said: ""The execution of the command, "Loose the four angels," meaning to set the church free
from her captivity in Babylon, resulted in her being liberated from her long bondage to the tyranny of
church-state rule, and in the Bible's being restored to God's people, so that they might study and worship
in fear and in favor of no man, and in accountability only to their conscience and to their God. In the
consequent dissolution of the church-state union, the "four angels" were loosed."" (Ibid, p. 81).

""The marginal rendering gives the preposition "at" for the preposition "for," making the verse read: "At
an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year." Still more exactly rendered, it would read: "At an hour, at a
day, at a month, and at a year." Thus are designated four points in time "at" which the four angels were to
prepare "for to slay the third part of men." And as the "third part" in the trumpets represents, as we have
seen, those who reject God's appeals to them to repent and be saved, then, accordingly, the angels'
preparing themselves on four successive occasions for the eventual execution of death upon "the third
part of men," shows that the men are to reject a four-phase (four-doctrine) message, each phase being
revealed successively:"

""(1) The only revelation of truth pertaining to and coming "at an hour" is the proclamation of the angel's
announcement: "Fear God, and give glory to Him; for the hour of His judgment is come." Rev. 14:7."

""(2) The only revelation of truth pertaining to and coming "at a day" is the warning of "the day of
vengeance" (Isa. 63:4), "the great and dreadful day of the Lord," which is to be heralded by the promised
"Elijah the prophet." Mal. 4:5; Testimonies to Ministers, p. 475."

""(3) The only revelation pertaining to and coming "at a month" is "the latter rain in the first month" (Joel
2:23) -- the light of the angel who is to lighten the earth with his glory (Rev. 18:1; Early Writings, pp. 277,
278). Then "afterward," says the Lord, "I will pour out My Spirit upon all flesh." Joel 2:28. Glorious
prophetic promise, it envisages the power that God is to bestow upon His messengers who are to
proclaim the message that is revealed in the time "of the latter rain." "At the right time" says the Spirit of
Prophecy, "He sends His faithful messengers to do a work similar to that of Elijah." -- Testimonies, Vol. 5,
p. 254. (For further study on the latter rain, see The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, pp. 256, 257.)"

""(4) And, finally, the only revelation pertaining to and coming "at a year," and preparing the four angels
"for to slay the third part of men" is says the Lord, "the year of My redeemed." Isa. 63:4. And this "year" at
which His people are redeemed is, of course, the time of the sealing and of the deliverance of the
144,000, -- those who are redeemed who escape the slaughter decreed in Ezekiel 9. Of these, the Lord
says: "I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, the
isles afar off, that have not heard My fame, neither have seen My glory; and they shall declare My glory
among the Gentiles. And they shall bring all your brethren for an offering unto the Lord out of all nations My holy mountain Jerusalem, a clean vessel into the house of the Lord." Isa. 66:19, 20."

""These four messages prepare the four angels "for to slay the third part of men" -- all who fail to receive
into their lives the saving truth of the gospel as revealed in the four messages. They are, to recapitulate,
(1) those who close their ears to the proclamation of the judgment, which is revealed "at an hour"; (2)
those who heed not the solemn warning of the day of God's vengeance, which is revealed "at a day"; (3)
those who receive not the latter rain, which comes "at a month"; and (4) those who do not join "His
redeemed" (the 144,000), who are sealed "at a year." All these who fail to make the needful preparation
for gloryland after the truth is proclaimed to them, shall perish at the command of the angelic horsemen
whose army numbers "two-hundred thousand thousand."" (Ibid, p. 87-89).

"And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the
number of them." (Rev. 9:16).

Houteff said: ""These verses immediately evoke the question Who are these "horsemen" and "horses,"
numbering 200,000,000 each, "the army" which is to "slay the third part of men"?"

""In answering this question, it is to be remembered that likewise the "four angels" were to "slay a third
part of men," also that they symbolize the fourfold message brought to view in preceding paragraphs.
Unmistakably, therefore, the "army" of "horses" is figurative of the workers who proclaim the final

""That the symbol, horses, is correctly interpreted to represent gospel workers is further borne out by
Zechariah 14:20. There, horses are used to symbolize preachers, those who sound "the bells" -- the alarm
of warning, the message of salvation. Like the "locusts," therefore, they represent the messengers of
God, but under different circumstances..."

""So as the horses are representative of gospel messengers, and as they are controlled and guided by
their riders (divine beings), then the "horsemen," it automatically follows, are figurative of the angelic
host who lead and direct the saints in their work of proclaiming the message and, subsequently, in killing
the third part of men who reject it. But since riders, not horses, do the killing when engaged in battle,
these supernatural beings, the angelic horsemen, are the ones who actually do the slaying."" (Ibid, p.

"And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of
jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths
issued fire and smoke and brimstone. By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by
the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths." (Rev. 9:16-18).

Houteff said: ""These supernatural beings, the angelic horsemen, are the ones who actually do the
slaying. Hence, their having "breastplates of fire [protection of the Spirit], and of jacinth, and brimstone.""
(Ibid, p. 91).

""The lion, the king of beasts, is strong and fearless. Accordingly, the last gospel ministry, that which the
lions' heads here symbolize, is fearless in its efforts to spread the gospel truth, and is triumphant over all
nations."" (Ibid, p. 95.)

""These 200,000,000 horses, we have learned, symbolize a great army of gospel workers, from whose lips
go a message which means life or death. That, therefore, must be the power in their mouth. Consequently,
the "fire," "smoke," and "brimstone," which issue "out of their mouths," are figurative of the message
which they proclaim: the power of the Holy Spirit (the "fire"), the sacrifices of Christ ("the smoke"), and
the destructive judgments of God ("the brimstone"). By this three-fold message "was the third part of
men killed." Rev. 9:18."" (Ibid, p. 91).

"For their power is in their mouth, and in their tails: for their tails were like unto serpents, and had heads,
and with them they do hurt." (Rev. 9:19).

Houteff said, ""The "power" "in their tails" -- in that which follows them -- is the power in their converts.
This is borne out by the identical significance of the locusts' tails, which (as previously explained)
represent the converts made by the early Christian ministry. Correspondingly, then, the horses' tails
represent the converts to be made by the latter day Christian ministry. Having " unto serpents,
and...heads,...with [which] they do hurt," they are "a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever
the like, neither shall be any more after it." Joel 2:2. They are God's army invincible!"

""Thus, God's people in the closing work for the world will surpass in power even the early Christian
disciples. Such faith, wisdom, determination, and zeal, as no other people have ever possessed, will
invest every believer with a commensurate power, such as none others have ever had."

""The composite symbolism -- rider, lion's head, horse's body, and serpent-like "tails" -- in comparison
with that of the "locusts," indicates that whereas the early Christians were killed by their enemies like
helpless locusts, God's people today shall, as invincible horses, suffer no harm at any hand. The angelic
beings that "sat on them," are the ones who, though invisible to the human eye, will lead "every one in
his path" (Joel 2:8), and who, "having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone," will cause any
sword lifted against the saints to break, and fall "as powerless as a straw."" (Ibid, p. 97-99).

"And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their
hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of
wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk: neither repented they of their murders, nor of their
sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts." (Rev. 9:20,21).

Houteff said: ""The fact that "the rest of the men which were not killed by" the "fire," "smoke," and
"brimstone," repented not, is conclusive evidence that in the closing of the events of the sixth trumpet,
and in the beginning of the events of the seventh, the work of the gospel is to be finished, and probation
is to close: "in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of
God shall be finished, as He hath declared to His servants the prophets." Rev. 10:7."

""Then it will be said: "He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still:
and he that is righteous let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still." Rev. 22:11.""
(Ibid, p. 99).

Houteff continues the events of the sixth trumpet with a study of the beginning and the end of  
Revelation 10. He does not discuss the seven thunders, which were a mystery in his time. Their contents
are fully revealed only when the sixth trumpet sounds in the end time.

"And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow was upon
his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire: and he had in his hand a little
book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth, and cried with a loud
voice, as when a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices." (Rev. 10:1-3).

Houteff commented: ""This "mighty angel," he who "set his right foot upon the sea, and his left on the
earth," and who instructed John to eat the book, has been long understood to represent the message
which was proclaimed on both land and sea, world-wide, by William Miller and his associates, beginning in
1831 A.D. (The Great Controversy, p. 331), and culminating in the disappointment of 1844."" (Ibid, p. 100,

Although William Miller, the first angel messenger, was the pattern of this angel, all of the glory of this
angel was not manifest until the time of the first trumpet, which was a repeat of the first angel message.
(See No. 53, "Seals, Trumpets And Plagues," and No. 24, "What If Christ Had Already Come As A Thief?")

Obviously, this angel can not be completely fulfilled until the prophecy of the seven thunders is
completely fulfilled, when we have the entire revelation of the contents of the seven thunders down here
on earth
. Note the symbols surrounding this angel, however, “clothed with a cloud (as Christ will return),”
rainbow upon his head (symbol of the Holy Ghost, author of the Prophetic Covenant), face as the sun
(coming from the presence of God), feet as fire (walking with the Holy Spirit). These symbols indicate a
being of enormous spiritual power and are suggestive of the three fold ministry of Christ, the Holy Ghost
and the Holy Spirit (empowered by God) during the sixth trumpet. The placement of the angel's feet
indicates dominion over the whole planet. And that he roars like a lion is suggestive of Christ, “the Lion of
the tribe of Juda(h).” (Rev. 5:5). This is certainly either Christ Himself, or one of His end time messengers
who has been empowered by the entire Holy Family.

"And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from
heaven saying unto me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not. And
the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven, and sware by
him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and
the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no
longer: but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of
God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets." (Rev. 10:4-7).

I have been writing about this for years. To summarize: The seven seals are on the seven thunders. The
seven thunders are a complete revelation of the prophetic scriptures. (See No. 26, "Unsealing The
Thunders," and No. 24, "What If Christ Had Already Come As A Thief?") The thunders come down to earth
during the end time sounding of the sixth trumpet by the Holy Ghost. Christ promised that the Holy Ghost
would lead us into all truth. (John 14:26; 15:26; 16:13). Because the Holy Ghost is a Spirit, the complete
truth revealed is complete spiritual truth. The mystery of God, the words of the Holy Ghost through the
mouth of the prophets is finished (no longer a mystery) by the time the seventh trumpet begins to sound.
At that time the seven thunders have been heard on earth.  

"And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said, Go and take the little book
which is open in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea and upon the earth. And I went unto
the angel, and said unto him, Give me the little book. And he said unto me, Take it, and eat it up; and it
shall make thy belly bitter, but it shall be in thy mouth sweet as honey. And I took the little book out of the
angel’s hand, and ate it up; and it was in my mouth sweet as honey: and as soon as I had eaten it, my belly
was bitter." (Rev. 10:8-10).

Speaking of this scripture and the disappointment of 1844, Houteff noted: ""The surpassing joy with which
the all-engrossing thought that Christ was coming in the autumn of 1844 A.D. possessed the believers
then, was indeed as "sweet as honey" to them. But when the longingly awaited hour came, and failed their
joyous expectations, the sweet of hope turned to the "bitter" of disappointment. It did so not only
because they had still longer to remain on this cursed and hapless earth, sin-convulsed and death-weary,
instead of entering into a land where there is "no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither...any
more pain" (Rev. 21:4), but also because they were mocked by the wicked multitude, who hated the idea
that the world was then coming to an end."

""In this great joy of expectation and bitterness of disappointment was fulfilled the forecast: "it was in my
mouth sweet as honey: and as soon as I had eaten it, my belly was bitter." Rev. 10:10."" (Ibid, p. 101).

"And he said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and
kings." (Rev. 10:11).

Speaking again of the great disappointment of 1844, which was based on the Millerite understanding of
Daniel 8:14, Houteff said. ""To correct their misunderstanding on Daniel 8:14 the prophetic Word of God
declared: "Thou must prophesy again;" that is, repeat the preaching of Christ's coming to earth."" (Ibid, p.

Experience has shown, however, that all the messages, of the Judgment of the Living and the Harvest of
the Righteous, have failed to bring the great joy of success. In every case, although the taste of the
message was like honey, once it was swallowed it was bitter in the stomach. That is because
the final
preaching of the message that gathers the Kingdom of God is done during the end time sounding of the
sixth trumpet by the Holy Ghost.
SCRIPTURES. God sends the 144,000 and the great army of gospel workers (the 200,000,000 horses of
Rev.  9:15-18) with the PROOF that He is God, the record of prophecy fulfilled. Those who love God are
spared, those who hate God are destroyed.

The next series of great events is found in the following chapter.

"And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the
temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein." (Rev. 11:1).

Houteff said: ""During the period of the sixth trumpet there is no literal temple. Thus the measuring (Rev.
11:1) can refer only to a spiritual temple made up of lively stones (saints), as described in Ephesians 2:20-
22, or to a figure of the heavenly temple. In either case, the clause "measure...them that worship therein,"
must figuratively mean to number them, for worshipers are not measured but numbered."" (Ibid, p. 107).

""The temple and the altar, inanimate objects, must characterize two classes of inanimate saints -- the two
classes of dead saints... Thus the temple, the first and the largest object, must represent the first and
largest body of righteous dead, those from Adam's time to the beginning of the judgment in 1844. While
the altar, a special and smaller object, must represent a special and smaller body of righteous dead, the
righteous who die from 1844 on... Those who "worship therein" being the living saints who are to be
"measured," they can only be the 144,000..."" (Ibid, p. 109,110).

This measuring or numbering can only be the sealing of the 144,000, providing them with their tribe name
and number (for example Dan 1). This correlates to events in the end time opening of the sixth seal and
will be further discussed in Part 2 of this essay.

"But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles:
and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months." (Rev. 11:2).

""But why leave out the court? Why not measure it also? For since it is a part of the building, it, too, must
be symbolical of saints. Obviously because it represents the "great multitude, which no man could
number [measure], of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues" (Rev. 7:9) -- the last who come
from among the Gentiles."" (Ibid, p. 110).

Of the forty and two months, Houteff said: ""The "forty and two months" (allowing thirty days to a month,
and reckoning a day for a year -- Ezek. 4:6), represent the 1260-year prophetic period; 538 A.D. to 1798 A.D.
(See The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, pp. 142, 261.)"" (Ibid, p. 111). This is in keeping with the historic
interpretation of the next two verses.

"And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and
threescore days, clothed in sackcloth. These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing
before the God of the earth." (Rev. 11:3,4).

""The revelation of the olive trees is found in the eleventh chapter and the fourth verse: "These are the
two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth." The olive trees and the
two candlesticks are the two witnesses. (See Rev. 11:3.) Zechariah also states that "These are the two
anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth." (Zech. 4:14.) Therefore, these two olive trees,
and two candlesticks are inseparable, for they both "stand by the Lord of the whole earth." The two
candlesticks in this instance represent God's church in two sections, and each one has an olive tree. The
angel interpreted them to Zechariah as the Word of God to Zerubbabel. Therefore, the two candlesticks
represent the Old and New Testament churches (Jewish and Christian). And the two olive trees are
symbols of the Old and New Testament Bible (the Word of God to Zerubbabel). These two witnesses "shall
prophesy a thousand two hundred and three score days (from 538 A.D. to 1798 A.D.) clothed in sackcloth."
(Rev. 11:3.) "The two Witnesses represent the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament." -- "The Great
Controversy," p. 267."" (Ibid, "The Shepherd Rod," Vol. 2, 1932, p. 284). The 1260 years from 538 A.D. to
1798 are the years in which the Christian church was ruled by the papacy and deprived of the Scriptures.
The period ended in 1798 when the Pope was imprisoned and died.

In the end time, the two witnesses are realized in human form. The olive tree that represents the Old
Testament church is the member of the Holy Family who was responsible for its prophetic scriptures. "For
the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by
the Holy Ghost." (2 Peter 1:21). The Holy Ghost is one witness. The member of the Holy Family who was
responsible for the New Testament was Christ. He is the other witness, represented on earth by His King.

Christ's first ministry involved the Holy Ghost, who dwelt inside Christ and only left Him so that He could
die. "And
Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the
wilderness." (Luke 4:1,KJV). "Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the (Holy)
Ghost." (Matt. 27:50). In the ministry of the end time sixth trumpet, Christ's King and the Holy Ghost are the
two olive trees and the two candlesticks standing before God.

Candlesticks symbolize churches. "... the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches."
(Rev. 1:20). Olive trees symbolize the source of the prophetic Word of God. "And I answered again, and
said unto him, What be these two olive branches which through the two golden pipes empty the golden
oil out of themselves? Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole
earth." (Zech. 4:12,14).

In the end time, these two prophets (Christ's King and the Holy Ghost) each have a ministry. Christ's King
ministers to the world, as a symbol of Christ, representing the New Testament. "Behold, the days come,
saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and
shall execute judgment and justice in the
earth. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell
safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, The Lord Our Righteousness." (Jer. 23:5,6).

The Holy Ghost ministers to God's Kingdom. "In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of
righteousness to grow up unto David; and (s)he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the
land. In
those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is the name wherewith
shall be called, The Lord our righteousness." (Jer. 33:15,16).

To come back to the 1260 days, "they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days."
Christ's earthly ministry before the crucifixion was three and one half years, forty-two months, calculating
at 30 days a month, this is 1260 days. So we should expect the harvest before the witnesses are killed to
last three and one half years. More on this follows, but first there is further description of the witnesses.

"And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any
man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed. These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in
the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with
all plagues, as often as they will." (Rev. 11:5,6).

The powers of the two witnesses are similar to the power of the prophet Elijah, who called fire down from
heaven to burn up those who threatened him, and caused a drought in Israel. (1 Kings 17:1; 18:1; 2 Kings
1). The witnesses also have the power of Moses, who turned water to blood and smote Egypt with a dozen
plagues. (Exodus 4:9; 5-12). All this power comes from God, and is used for His glory.

"And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit
shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them." (Rev. 11:7). It is this event that
brings on the sixth plague, "the day of the Lord's vengeance and the year of recompenses for the
controversy of Zion." (Is. 34:8).

"For the indignation of the Lord is upon all nations, and his fury upon all their armies: he hath utterly
destroyed them, he hath delivered them to the slaughter. And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved,
and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as
the leaf falleth off
from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree
. The sword of the Lord is filled with blood, it is made fat
with fatness, and with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the Lord hath a
sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea. For it is the day of the Lord’s vengeance,
and the year of recompenses for the controversy of Zion." (Is. 34:2,4,6,8).

This raises the question, Can the Holy Ghost, who did not die in Christ's First Advent, be killed in His
Second Advent? The answer is no. As you see from the scripture above, the vine does not die, a leaf of
the vine falls. And the fig tree does not die, a fig falls to the ground.

In Zechariah 4, the golden oil (prophetic truth) from the two olive trees (our witnesses, the two anointed
ones standing before God, Christ and the Holy Ghost) was poured into the golden bowl (truth for the
church) through two golden pipes. "And I answered again, and said unto him, What be these two olive
branches which through the
two golden pipes empty the golden oil out of themselves? Then said he,
These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth." (Zech. 4:12,14).

Of these golden pipes, Houteff said: "
the two golden pipes that empty the golden oil into the golden bowl
are God's messengers of inspiration through whom present truth is revealed, and the only true
interpreters of the Scriptures
. The oil represents the revealed Word of God from the Bible as it is
explained through His appointed servants, and the bowl describes the publications into which these
revelations are compiled." (Ibid, p. 285). The two pipes, "God's messengers of inspiration... true
interpreters of the Scriptures," could die. Indeed, Houteff did.

On the other hand, a leaf is not a branch, and a fig is not a branch. Christ's King and the Holy Ghost are
Branches. (See Jer. 23:5,6; 33:15,16 quoted above.) Further, the prophecies of Christ's King do not
suggest martyrdom. (Read Psalms 2.) Nor do Christ's prophecies of the Comforter suggest martyrdom.
(See John 14:26; 15:26; 16:7-15.)

A vine has many leaves and a fig tree many figs. It seems more likely that these deaths, which incite God
to terrible vengeance, are deaths of willing helpers, who teach the messages of Christ's King and the
Holy Ghost. Since they are surrogates for Christ's King and the Holy Ghost, they are like the 144,000, who
"are without fault before the throne of God." (Rev. 14:5).

The fig is the fruit of the Holy Spirit, the fig tree of Judges 9:10,11. The leaf falls from the vine of Judges 9:
12,13, which symbolizes Christ. (See No. 22, "The Holy Family.") A fig is a fully formed female saint,
therefore the falling fig is a woman who is walking perfectly with God. A leaf of the vine is a new Christian.

"And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt,
where also our Lord was crucified. And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall
see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves."
(Rev. 11:8,9).

In discussing "the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt," Houteff said:
""The period when
the two Witnesses were to prophesy clothed in sackcloth, ended in 1798.... It was in 1793 that the decrees
which abolished the Christian religion and set aside the Bible [or killed the 'two Witnesses'], passed the
French Assembly." -- The Great Controversy, pp. 267, 268, 287."

""Since, therefore, the atheistic French government in 1793 is called by the Scriptures "Sodom and Egypt,
where also our Lord was crucified," ancient Egypt...  is symbolical of our present world in general, where
"our Lord was crucified."" (Ibid, "The Great Paradox of the Ages," 1933, p. 48).

The "great city" still symbolizes our present world, perverse (Sodom) and pleasure loving (Egypt). The
murdered witnesses remain unburied for a literal three and a half days in the actual city where they died.

"And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to
another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth." (Rev. 11:10). Because the
144,000 spokespersons for Christ's King and the Holy Ghost are sealed to eternal life, the death of these
two is celebrated as a victory for Satan.

"And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their
feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them. And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto
them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them." (Rev.

In order to be consistent with Christ's ministry in His First Advent, there must be three and one half years
between the murder of these two witnesses and the end of the ministry to the faithful of the church. That
is because the Apostles continued their ministry in Judah for three and one half years after the crucifixion
before taking the message of Christ to the Gentiles.

So while this could be a literal three and a half days, it is more likely to be three and a half years, using the
interpretation principle of a day for a year found in Ezekiel 4:6.

"And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake
were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of
heaven." (Rev. 11:13).

Houteff discussed this verse in great detail, tying it to the slaughter in the church, Ezekiel 9. ""The
"hour," "the earthquake," the "tenth part," "the city," the "seven thousand" slain, and "the remnant"
must, to maintain the integrity of the entire trumpet symbolism, themselves be symbolical."

""Climaxing the event symbolized "the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven."
None but those who "keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ" can truly
fear and give glory to Him. Accordingly in the present connection the remnant is necessarily figurative of
the righteous, "the wheat," in that part of the city which fell...  Hence, the tenth part stands for the Church
which is first purified -- in which the bad, the tares are separated from the good, the wheat. Obviously,
therefore, the rest of the city is in this instance a representation of the rest of the Christian world --
Christendom as a whole."

""Figuratively numbering seven thousand, these "slain" in the church comprehend that element which
does not sigh and cry for the abominations (Ezek. 9:4), and which as a consequence fails to receive the
mark (Ezek. 9:4), or the seal (Rev. 7:3-8), of God's approbation. All who compose this class are cut off,
leaving the remnant who "were affrighted" -- those who have sighed and cried for the abominations, and
who have consequently received the mark or the seal, and escaped the slaughter."" (Ibid, "Final
Warning," 1942, p. 112,113).

To learn more of this slaughter in the church, please visit Part 2 of this essay, which will discuss what the
sixth angel message, the sixth seal and the sixth plague can tell us of the end time sounding of the sixth
trumpet. God willing, Part 2 will be finished next week.

Amo Paul Bishop Roden