In reviewing the trumpets, I discerned from Houteff's comments that they were linked to the seals. In
studying the Revelation, I also realized that the thunders and seals were linked to the plagues. In the
process, I found that one of the things I have taught was wrong.

The Holy Ghost does not appear as the seventh Spirit of God, she appears, to bring us into all truth, as
the sixth Spirit of God. To put this another way,
she is the sixth trumpet, the one that finishes the mystery
of God, giving us complete understanding of all spiritual matters including the prophetic scriptures, all
. As the angel told John the Revelator, "But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he
begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as He hath declared to His servants the
prophets." (Rev. 10:7). We will have
all truth in the days of the sixth angel sounding, before the seventh
angel begins to sound his trumpet. The seven thunders of Revelation 10:1-4 will bring us into all truth,
these take place in the time of the sixth trumpet.

Who, then, is the seventh Spirit of God? The seventh Spirit of God is the seventh angel (messenger)
who blows a trumpet, Christ's King who rules with God in the Millennium Kingdom. "And the seventh
angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become
the kingdoms of our Lord, and of His Christ; and He shall reign for ever and ever." (Rev. 11:15).

Returning to this study, Houteff implied the close relationship between the trumpets and the seals with
these words. ""Resuming with the trumpets proper, we take up the statement that "the seven angels
which had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound." Though they did not sound until the last
of the seals was opened, that does not warrant the conclusion that the events portrayed in the trumpets
must necessarily occur after the events portrayed in the seals. Rather it simply shows that because the
seals deal with one subject and the trumpets with another, the events of both cannot be recorded at the
same time, but first is the one, then the other, in their logical order."

""Thus John first recorded the particulars of the seals, then the particulars of the trumpets. The seals
come first because they reveal in the judgment the several periods of the sealing of the saints, which
necessarily precede the matching several trumpet-periods of destruction of those who did not receive
the seal. Naturally, then,
the first seal must precede the first trumpet, the second seal, the second
trumpet, and so on, like the needle and the shuttle, rather than that all seven seals must precede all
seven trumpets

Because, therefore, of their logical sequence, each period of sealing preceding each period of
destroying, it was necessary that the seals and trumpets be set forth sequentially in that order. Thereby
it was shown that those who in each period rejected the truth as then taught to them, were not sealed,
with the consequence they were destroyed by God's judgments upon them. So as one subject unfolds
the successive periods of sealing, the other subject correspondingly unfolds the ensuing periods of
destruction: together showing that collectively they cover the same stretch of time.
"" (V. T. Houteff,
"Final Warning," 1942, p. 34-36).

Houteff dealt with the seals and the trumpets in history, showing that "the first seal must precede the
first trumpet, the second seal, the second trumpet, and so on..." (Ibid). The same is true in the end time
when the seven Spirits of God appear with the message of their respective seals, they each blow a

To refresh your memories, the seven seals are opened by Christ, and the seven Spirits of God are sent
to mankind as angels (messengers) to reveal the contents of the seal. "And I saw in the right hand of Him
that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals. And I beheld,
and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as
it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are
the seven Spirits of God sent forth into
all the earth
. And He came and took the book out of the right hand of Him that sat upon the throne. And I
saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four
beasts saying, Come and see." (Rev. 5:1,6,7; 6:1).

I'm going to use history to prove that each of the seven Spirits of God blows a trumpet, the history that I
am going to use includes the plagues. Which brings us to what Houteff said about the trumpets and the

""That singular parallelism exists between the several effects of the seven trumpets and the several
effects of the seven last plagues, is clearly to be seen in the following collocations:"

""(1) Both the elements of the first trumpet ("hail and fire mingled with blood") and the contents of the
vial of the first plague are cast upon the "earth" (Rev. 8:7; 16:2)."

""(2) The "mountain" at the sounding of the second trumpet and the contents of the "vial" at the pouring
out of the second plague find their point of coincidence in falling alike into the "sea" (Rev. 8:8; 16:3)."

""(3) "Upon the rivers and fountains of waters" (Rev. 8:10; 16:4) fall both the "star" of the third trumpet
and the contents of the "vial" of the third plague."

""(4) Just as at the sounding of the fourth trumpet, so likewise at the pouring out of the "vial" of the
fourth plague, the sun is affected (Rev. 8:12; 16:8)."

""(5) Darkness (Rev. 9:2; 16:10) ensues in common at the sounding of the fifth trumpet and at the pouring
out of the fifth plague."

""(6) As with the sixth trumpet just so with the sixth plague, the "river Euphrates" is the focal point (Rev.
9:14; 16:12)."

""(7) And bringing up the seventh parallel, the seventh trumpet and the seventh plague exhibit the
identical components: the temple in heaven the voices and thunderings and lightnings therefrom, the
earthquake and the hail (Rev. 11:15; 16:17-21) -- the second coming of Christ."

""These coincidences demonstrate beyond the slightest peradventure that the nature and the purpose
of the seven trumpets are the same in kind as the nature and the purpose of the seven last plagues:
destructive; and that of the wicked after their probation has closed."

""Let it not, however, be understood that the respective destructions revealed in the subject of the
seven trumpets must be one and the same in time and event with the corresponding destructions of the
seven last plagues..."

""Just as the seven plagues, therefore, reveal the judgments to be visited upon the wicked living after
they reject the message in the closing period of this world's history, so the seven trumpets reveal, as
will be seen, the sequent destructions of the successive generations of the wicked, each of whose
probation closed consequent to their rejecting God's respective message to them."" (Ibid, p. 29-31).

Houteff does not say that the plagues and the trumpets are the same, and indeed the last seven plagues
are an end time series of events, they do not appear in the historical context of the trumpets. BUT
in the
end time the seven Spirits of God bring forth the messages of the opened seals as trumpets
. And each
of the messages of the opened seals brings forth a plague.

For example, V. T. Houteff was the chosen messenger when Christ opened the first seal. Houteff
illuminated over 90 prophetic chapters of the Bible. Besides the prophecies of the Book of Daniel, he
also illuminated all the Kingdom of God prophecies; not only all those in the Old Testament, but also
Christ's parables. He renamed his church the Davidian Seventh Day Adventists to acknowledge the
literal descendant of Biblical king David, who will fulfill the end time "man on the white horse" seen
when the first seal opened. There can be no doubt that at least one of the seven Spirits of God has come
and taken his part in the opening of the seals on the seven thunders. V.T. Houteff opened the first seal.

According to Houteff, that opened seal should have been followed by the first trumpet. Here is that
trumpet scripture. "The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and
they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt
up." (Rev. 8:7). Houteff explained these symbols when he considered the first trumpet in historical

""Hail and fire mingled with blood" and "cast upon the earth," denote something which necessarily
originated outside the earth itself. Otherwise it could not be said that "they were cast upon the earth."
The three elements (the hail, the fire, and the blood), moreover, represent something which is
comprised of three parts, and which not being limited to any particular part or parts of "the earth," were
therefore "cast" earthwide."" (Ibid, p. 38).

Explaining the fire, Houteff said, ""... God's presence in the "bush" was manifested to Moses by a flame
of fire (Ex. 3:2; 19:18)... the Lord likens His Word to a fire (Jer. 23:29), and...  on the day of Pentecost, the
Holy Ghost appeared as "tongues like as of fire." Acts 2:3. In the light of these three occurrences, the
casting of fire upon the earth is seen to be symbolical of the descending of the Holy Ghost with the
words of Truth..."" (Ibid, p. 39).

Of the blood, Houteff said, ""As the Word declares that "the life of the flesh is in the blood" (Lev. 17:11),
"the blood" is seen therefore to be symbolical of mortal life."" (Ibid).

The hail was a symbol of destruction. ""And the simple question which God puts to Job "hast thou seen
the treasures of the hail, which I have reserved against the time of trouble?" (Job 38:22, 23), reveals that
the "hail" is symbolical of destruction. And hail's being frozen water denotes a destruction by water -- the
flood."" (Ibid, p. 39,40).

""Thus it is that the victims of the flood are symbolized by the third part of the "trees" and by the "green
grass" (Rev. 8:7) which were burned (doomed by the power of the Spirit against Whom they sinned), and
which distinguish two classes of people."" (Ibid, p. 39,40).

""And "fire" being symbolical of the Spirit of Truth, it follows therefore that those who sinned against Him
in rejecting Noah's message, were figuratively "burnt," and that therefore the wicked suffered His
vengeance ("fire") for sinning against Him."

""That the "green grass" and the "trees" are symbolical of two classes of living beings, is quickly seen
from Nebuchadnezzar's dream in which he saw himself likened to a "tree," and the common people of his
kingdom, to the "tender grass of the field." Dan. 4:10, 14, 15, 20, 22; Isa. 40:6, 7."

""Finding explication in the "third part of the stars of heaven" (Rev. 12:4), -- the wicked angels whom
Satan drew away with him, -- "the third part of trees" is seen to denote the wicked rulers of the
antediluvian world. The two parts of the stars, or angels, remaining in heaven were the righteous ones...
A figurative "third" in the trumpets always means the wicked irrespective of number."" (Ibid, p. 40,41).

The only problem with applying Houteff's explanation to the first end time trumpet is that God promised
never to flood the world again. "And I will establish My covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut
off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth." (Gen.
9:11). So the hail, which symbolized the destruction of the earth by water, must have a new meaning.

The symbols in the seven seals changed from a physical meaning to a spiritual meaning as the context
changed from historic to end time. We should therefore expect the symbols of the trumpets to have an
enhanced spiritual meaning as their context changes from historic to end time. This is true of all the
things cast down to earth.  

Hail can be used to symbolize a sealed servant of God. They have living water (the words of Christ)
pouring forth. "He that believeth on Me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of
living water." (Matt. 7:38). Like Peter, the foundation of the Christian church, they are stones. "Ye also,
as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices,
acceptable to God by Jesus Christ." (1 Peter 2:5).

The blood, which is the symbol of life, becomes Christ's blood, the symbol of eternal life in the end time.
The fire remains a symbol of the Holy Ghost, but in the end time trumpets, there is a double dose of the
Holy Ghost. The message incorporates not only Bible prophecy, originally written by the Holy Ghost, but
also the means to understand Bible prophecy. Christ, who explained some of the scriptures in His first
Advent, now opens the seals to make all of the scriptures understandable. That He does this in person,
during the first seal/trumpet, is the subject of No. 24, "What If Christ Had Already Come As A Thief?"

The trees retain their significance, the third of the trees that are burnt up symbolize the wicked. The
green grass that is burned up symbolizes the people. However in the end time there is an added
spiritual meaning. God's people are symbolized as trees, "trees of righteousness, the planting of the
Lord, that He might be glorified." (Is. 61:3). As righteous trees are strong and powerful in their allegiance
to God, so the wicked third of the trees destroyed (burnt up) are committed to the work of Satan.

The green grass is a specific portion of the people. In contrast to the trees, grass is lowly and weak. In
contrast to the cereal grasses, which produce wheat and barley, the symbols of God's people, green
grass is unproductive. In the time of the flood, green grass symbolized all the people who were not in
the Ark. In the end time harvest, however, the green grass symbolizes God's people who have no
spiritual commitment. In the first plague, the green grass particularly symbolizes those who fritter away
their lives in riotous living. There is a curse on such people. "Woe unto them that rise up early in the
morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them! And the harp,
and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the Lord,
neither consider the operation of His hands." (Is. 5:11,12).

There was a great destruction in Houteff's time, as he brought forth the message of the first seal. The
fulfillment of Ezekiel 7, WWII and the Holocaust, which is described on this website (see No. 39, "The
Judgments Of Ezekiel 7"), is the destruction associated with the first seal. Many hard core Nazis were
trees of Satan, totally committed to evil. Many Jews and Christians, who should have been taken as part
of the grain harvest, were burnt up as green grass instead, because they had lost their spiritual
commitment or never had a spiritual commitment.

Because the angel messages are the instructions of the Battle of Jericho, and the trumpets are the
battle itself, each angel message is repeated during its respective trumpet.
The first trumpet would
therefore repeat the first angel message, which follows.

"And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them
that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, saying with a loud
voice, Fear God, and give glory to Him; for the hour of His judgment is come: and worship Him that made
heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters." (Rev. 14:6,7).

Houteff taught the message of Christ before the whole world, "having the everlasting gospel to preach
unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people." (When this
first angel message is repeated during the thunders (Rev. 10:1-4), it will truly be international.) Houteff
taught that men should return to the Commandments of the Bible, "fear God, and give glory to Him."
Houteff taught that we were in the time of judgment, "for the hour of His judgment is come." Finally,
Houteff taught that God is the Creator, and that we should worship Him on the day that He set aside for
us to acknowledge Him as the Creator, the Saturday Sabbath; "worship Him that made heaven, and earth,
and the sea, and the fountains of waters."

That brings us to the plague associated with the first trumpet. "And I heard a great voice out of the
temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the
earth. And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous
sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image." (Rev.

In the scripture, the plagues are first seen at the beginning of Rev. 15, before the rapture, and before
the harpers sing before God's throne. "And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous,
angels having the seven last plagues
; for in them is filled up the wrath of God. And I saw as it were a sea
of glass mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and
over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God."
(Rev. 15:1,2).

After the harpers finish singing "the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb..."
(Rev. 15:3), the seven angels are given vials containing the wrath of God. "And after that I looked, and,
behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened: and the seven angels
came out of the temple, having the seven plagues, clothed in pure and white linen, and having their
breasts girded with golden girdles. And
one of the four beasts gave unto the seven angels seven
golden vials full of the wrath of God
, who liveth for ever and ever." (Rev. 15:5-7). The pouring out of the
plagues begins in Revelation 16.

Before taking a vacation and closely studying this scripture, I wrote that the plagues began after the
rapture of the harpers. That is half right. The plagues are imbued with the wrath of God after the harpers
have sung, but when the angels are seen
before the rapture of the harpers, they already have the
plagues, they are seen in heaven as a
sign, "seven angels having the seven last plagues." (Rev. 15:1).
(Also see No. 62, "The Seven Last Plagues.")

And that means that the plague associated with the first trumpet is visible now, although it does not yet
have the full wrath of God behind it. As you will recall, the first plague was "a noisome (loudly discussed)
and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his
image." (Rev. 16:1,2). What we can see of the first plague now is a warning of things to come.

The first plague is AIDS and other laboratory devised scourges. As of now, these horrors fall on the
heartbreakingly poor, where malnutrition and lack of hygiene magnify their effects. As far as several
hours of research can tell me, AIDS was introduced into Africa through vaccinations. Its purpose was to
control the human population so that their numbers would not threaten the vast African game reserves.
Inventive American scientists also gave us fire and brimstone (nuclear bombs), but judging from the
destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, God already knew about fire and brimstone. Whether God or men
created AIDS, it will glorify God. "Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt
thou restrain." (Ps. 76:10).

When this plague is poured out, mixed with God's wrath, all of the earth, outside of God's kingdom, will
suffer malnutrition and poor hygiene. Particularly affected will be the green grass, those of spiritual and
physical Israel who live wantonly with no thought of God, and those stalwart servants of Satan (a third of
the trees) who seek to stop the gathering of God's Kingdom.

For a description of the second trumpet, see No. 54, "The Second Trumpet."

Amo Paul Bishop Roden