The angel messages of Revelation 14 are the messages that gather the 144,000; however their meeting
on Mount Zion with the Lamb does not take place until the time of the trumpets. (The relationship
between the angel messages and the trumpets is discussed at length in No. 32, "Ramifications of
Jericho;" suffice to say here that the angels messages are the instructions of the Battle of Jericho, the
trumpets are the battle itself.)

The first five verses of Revelation 14 describe the meeting of the 144,000 and the Lamb on Mount Zion.
"And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion (Zion), and with Him an hundred and forty and four
thousand, having His Father's name written in their foreheads. And I heard a voice from heaven, as the
voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with
their harps: and they sang as it were a new song before the throne and before the four beasts, and the
elders, and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were
redeemed from the earth. These are they which were not defiled with women (false churches with satanic
doctrines); for they are virgins (washed clean in Christ's blood). These are they which follow the Lamb
whithersoever He goeth. These are redeemed from among men, being the first fruits unto God and to the
Lamb. And in their mouth was found no guile (they are truthful and speak no false doctrine): for they are
without fault before the throne of God." (Rev. 14:1-5).

The 144,000 are called first fruits because they are gathered at the beginning of the harvest of the world,
the harvest that establishes the Kingdom of God on earth. The angel messages of Rev. 14 are heard all
over the world after the 144,000 meet with Christ because the 144,000 preach the angel messages all
over the world in all languages as they gather the great multitude of Rev. 7:9-17. (Note that the 144,000
and the message that seals them are the subject of Rev. 7:1-8. These 144,000 and the great multitude of
Rev. 7:9-17 are irrevocably linked.)

Because the great multitude are "of all nations, and kindreds, and peoples, and tongues" (Rev. 7:9), they
could only be gathered by a group having mastery of all languages.
That implies that the great
Pentecostal power illustrated in Acts 2 falls upon the 144,000. "And when the day of Pentecost was fully
come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a
rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them
cloven tongues like as of fire, and it (one cloven tongue) sat upon each of them. And then they were all
filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance."
(Acts 2:1-4). There are those that claim that these men spoke gibberish, but the Scripture makes it clear
that this is the gift of mastery of languages. (See Acts 2:5-11).

Now to the angel messages:

William Miller

The first angel message is: "And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting
gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and
people, saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to Him; for the hour of His judgment is come:
and worship Him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters." (Rev. 14:6,7).

The earthly messenger who announced the first angel message was William Miller, who founded the
Adventist church. Miller (1782–1849) was an American Baptist preacher, whose followers have been
termed Millerites. He is credited with the beginning of the Adventist movement of the 1830s and 1840s in
North America. Miller taught that Christ would return almost immediately, his followers expected Christ to
return in 1843 or 1844.

Miller based his belief on Daniel 8:14: "Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the
sanctuary be cleansed." He used a day for a year, a principle established by Ezekiel 4:6, "I have appointed
thee each day for a year." He concluded that the cleansing of the sanctuary represented the earth's
purification by fire at Christ's Second Coming. Miller became convinced that the 2,300 day period started
in 457 BC with the decree to rebuild Jerusalem. Based on Miller's calculations this period would end with
Christ’s return in 1843. Miller wrote, "I was thus brought… to the solemn conclusion, that in about twenty-
five years from that time 1818 all the affairs of our present state would be wound up."

In 1822, Miller concluded: "I believe that the second coming of Jesus Christ is near, even at the door,
even within twenty-one years." The failure of Christ to appear in 1843 or 1844 became the Millerites'
Great Disappointment. Most Millerites gave up their beliefs. Some did not and viewpoints and
explanations proliferated. Miller never renounced his belief in the Second Coming of Christ; he died in

V. T. Houteff has written about Miller's mistake. "In Miller's time Christendom was no less ignorant of the
sanctuary question than the Jewish nation was of Christ's kingdom. Therefore,
had Miller been given
light concerning the place to which Christ was to come at the end of the 2300 days; namely, to the Most
Holy place for the judgment of the saints, his message would have brought forth many arguments and
idle discussions.  Thus the time and proclamation of the prophetic period would have been neglected
and his efforts frustrated.  But in the manner he proclaimed his message he gave them no occasion for
dispute, and as the enemies of God could not contradict his interpretation of the Scriptures, and refused
to be interested in what he taught, it left them without excuse." (V. T. Houteff, "The Shepherd's Rod," Vol.
2, 1932, p. 244, 245).

The simplest reason for Christ's failure to appear is that Christ will come to us in His glory during the
trumpets, the actual battle, rather than during the angel messages, the instructions.
Further, there must
be a specific prophesy that is fulfilled when a member of the God family comes to earth.
However, Miller
did exactly what God required.

Miller was supposed to focus attention on the fulfillment of Rev. 14:6,7; the swift oncoming of God's
judgment; "Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come..." and he did. He was
also supposed to preach "the everlasting gospel...  unto them that dwell on the earth..." That everlasting
gospel is the good news of Christ's Second Coming. Miller's message, even with its failed time prophecy,
fulfilled God's expectations.

A visionary rose up to explain that Christ had entered the heavenly sanctuary in 1844 to blot out all sins
from the heavenly records, to determine which of the dead were sinners and remove their names from
the heavenly records, and to clear and leave unblemished the names of the saints. This purification of
the sanctuary was the judgment of the dead, and it fulfilled the prophecy that was central to Miller's
ministry, Daniel 8:14: "Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed."
The visionary's name was Ellen G. White.

Ellen G. White

The second angel message is: "And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that
great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication." (Rev. 14:8).

The earthly messenger who announced the second angel message was Ellen White, a member of Miller's
Advent movement. Ellen Gould Harmon White was born in 1827 and died in 1915. Her ministry founded the
Sabbath keeping Adventist movement that led to the rise of the Seventh-day Adventist Church.

A great deal of controversy has arisen about whether Ellen White was the second angel messenger or
the third. Ellen White herself attributed both the first and second angel message to William Miller. Much
also has also been made of other parts of her message which are at odds with modern thought about the
nature of man. Before going further, I am going to address these issues.

Speaking of the second angel's message, Ellen White said; ““After the warning message by the Millerite
movement had been rejected by the churches... God withdrew His Spirit from them. In evidence of this,
“the Second Angel” announced: “Babylon is fallen.” Rev. 14:8.”" (Early Writings, p. 118).

Ellen White stated that she was the third angel messenger. But, she spoke of the third angel, who she
saw in vision, as if it was not her: "“I then saw the third angel. Said my accompanying angel, “Fearful is
his work. Awful is his mission. He is the angel that is to select the wheat from the tares, and seal, or bind,
the wheat for the heavenly garner.”” (Ibid).

Houteff, who I will shortly introduce as the third angel messenger, corrected her, quietly associated the
second angel's message “Babylon is fallen” with Ellen White's Sabbath message. ““Immediately after 1844
AD, the second angel's message of Rev. 14:8 was proclaimed, saying, “Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that
great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.” Therefore it is
evident the light shining through the types is the only medium that can explain these prophetic mysteries
in the Word of God.
With the proclamation of the fall of Babylon, it was announced that the so-called
Christian festivals, such as Sunday keeping, Christmas and Easter, also Baptism by sprinkling, and other
false doctrines were unbiblical and of pagan origin.
”” (Ibid, The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, 1932, p. 272, 273).
Ellen White made those announcements.

In his day, Houteff did not make an issue of White's error. There is a good reason for that. Ellen White's
error was key to the circumstances that led to the beginning of Ezekiel 9, the beginning of the judgment
of the church prophesied by Peter. "For the time has come that the judgment must begin at the house of
God, and if it first begin at us, what shall be the end of them that obey not the gospel of God?" (1 Peter 4:

Ezekiel 9 was prophesied as a merciless slaughter. "Slay utterly old and young, both maid(ens), and little
children, and women..." (Ez. 9:6). Such a slaughter fell on David Koresh's flock. As such, it was a warning
to all Christians that we are in the end time, a time of swift and terrible judgments from God, because God
is determined to have a pure and holy church prepared for Christ when He comes in His glory.

The results of the confusion about who was the second angel messenger were very good for all erring
Christians. Because Ellen White confused the angel messengers, Lois Roden was thought to be the sixth
angel messenger. This set up Koresh's claim as the seventh angel messenger, and he took advantage of
it. He taught that he was to bring Ezekiel 9 to the world, and that the world would be judged for refusing
his message. Of course, God is not to be mocked or misrepresented, so David Koresh brought the Ez. 9
judgment onto himself and his flock. Thus God provided a warning to all Christians of the commencement
of the judgment of the living.

(One final comment: William Miller WAS the fulfillment of two angels. He was the first angel messenger of
Rev. 14 AND the instruction of the great angel of Rev. 10, who calls forth the voices of the seven
thunders. See Rev. 10:1-3. This subject is more fully explored in article No. 26, "Unsealing The Thunders"
on this website.)

The next question is, How could Ellen White have errors in her message and still be a prophet? The
answer is found in Ezekiel 4. "Lie thou also upon thy left side, and lay the iniquity of the house of Israel
upon it: according to the number of the days that thou shalt lie upon it thou shalt bear their iniquity. For I
have laid upon thee the years of their iniquity, according to the number of the days, three hundred and
ninety days: so shalt thou bear the iniquity of the house of Israel. And when thou hast accomplished
them, lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have
appointed thee each day for a year. Take thou also unto thee wheat, and barley, and beans, and lentils,
and millet, and fitches (margin, spelt), and put them in one vessel, and make thee bread thereof,
according to the number of the days that thou shalt lie upon thy side, three hundred and ninety days shalt
thou eat thereof. And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it with dung that cometh out of
man, in their sight. (When Ezekiel protested, God eased his burden.) Then He said unto me, Lo, I have
given thee cow’s dung for man’s dung, and thou shalt prepare thy bread therewith." (Ez. 4:4-6,9,12,14).

The reason that Ezekiel was told to act out this prophesy is found in Verse 13. "And the Lord said, Even
thus shall the children of Israel eat their defiled bread among the Gentiles, whither I will drive them." (Ez.
4:13). What does the defiled bread represent? It represents the Word of God, defiled by human opinions,
which are as dung in God's eyes. As Christ said, "It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by
every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God." (Matt. 4:4).

V. T. Houteff has explained the whole Ezekiel 4 prophecy in The Shepherd Rod, Volume 1, Section 5. He
identified the six ingredients. Wheat stands for Martin Luther's doctrine of justification by faith. Barley
stands for Knox's doctrine of the Holy Spirit. Beans stand for Wesley's doctrine of grace. Lentils stand for
Campbell's doctrine of baptism by immersion. Millet stands for Miller's doctrine of the 2300 days. And
fitches (spelt) stands for White's doctrine of the restoration of the Sabbath.

Israel, the church, is to eat these doctrines for 390 years, prepared for them by a ministry that defiles the
divine Word of God with their human opinions. The beginning of this time prophecy must be found in
Martin Luther's life since his doctrine of justification by faith is the first ingredient, wheat.

Houteff dates the start of the 390 year period at a time near 1500, when Luther found a copy of the Bible.
“We may suppose that the 390 year period began in about 1500 A.D., (when Luther found the Bible), and
ended in 1890 A.D., where the 40 year period began, which would end in 1930. However we cannot predict
the exact day or month or even year... The prophecy of Ezekiel gives the information in detail from the
beginning of Luther's reformation to Ezekiel 9, marking of the 144,000, and
unrolling of the scroll.” (Ibid,
The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, 1930, p. 116). This dating points to the beginning of Houteff's message.

Houteff's message, however, initially included some of the errors in Ellen White's message. For example,
in 1937, following Ellen White's Seventh Day Adventist doctrine, Houteff said that the earth would be
empty during the Millennium. “Then as the saints ascend and the wicked die, the earth shall be left empty
and dark (Jer. 4:23-29) for a thousand years (Rev. 20:3), after which the Lord shall descend with the saints
(Rev. 21:1-3), purify the earth with fire (2 Pet. 3:10-13), and fit it anew for the saints eternal abode.” (Ibid,
Mt. Sion at the 11th Hour, 1937, p. 108). By 1944, without abandoning the idea of a rapture of the saints at
the beginning of the Millennium, Houteff was beginning to also teach the Kingdom on earth. (Ibid,
Fundamental Beliefs, 1944, p. 10, No. 21, p. 11, No. 9). (For more details, see No. 27, "Sudden Harvest.")

Note that I underlined "
unrolling of the scroll" two paragraphs back. That is because this increase in
understanding is an example of the unrolling of the scroll. Another example of unrolling the scroll is
found in my own work. When I wrote No. 27, "Sudden Harvest" last summer, I tied the 390 years to the
years of the Holocaust. I placed the beginning of the 390 years at 1507, when Luther was ordained as a
priest. However, on closer study, this month I began to believe (from my understanding of the third
Trumpet) that the Holocaust actually began on Krystallnacht in 1938 and ended with the founding of the
nation Israel in 1948. (See No. 32, "Ramifications of Jericho.") That would place the start of the 390 years
at the time when Luther received his degree in Bible studies, 1508. (I have now corrected No. 27,
"Sudden Harvest" to include my comments on Krystallnacht.)

(On the other hand, the start of the 390 years may date from 1525, when Luther married Katharina von
Bora, a former nun. Luther’s marriage set the seal of approval on clerical marriage. Luther's marriage
occurred 390 years before Ellen White's death. Luther's marriage, and his praises of his helpmeet,
established a role for women in the ministry. For reasons given further along in this study of the angel
messengers, I suspect this is the correct date.)

What this means is that almost all of Ellen White's message was taught during the years of defiled bread,
in other words, the message contained human errors that predated Ellen White. This is the reason that
the errors found in Ellen White's message do not invalidate her standing as a prophet.

In summation, Ellen G. White was a prophet and a prolific writer (40 books, thousands of articles). All of
the angel messages after her rest on her work. Most quote it extensively. I do not because my ministry is
to Bible students and ministers, to whom only the Bible is truly relevant.

And that brings us to:

Victor T. Houteff

Houteff was born in Raicovo, Bulgaria in 1885.  In 1907, he emigrated to the United States. In 1919 he
joined the Seventh-day Adventist Church. He moved the headquarters of his church to Waco, Texas in
1935. Houteff died in Waco, Texas on February 5, 1955.

Here is the third angel's message. “And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any
man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead or his hand, the same shall
drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of His indignation;
and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the
presence of the holy angels, and in the
presence of the Lamb: and the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no
rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his
name.” (Rev. 14: 9-11).

This scripture shows us the Lamb and holy angels present on earth and witnessing the torment of the
wicked in a judgment from God. Because of that context, the scripture Rev. 14: 9-11 reveals the exact
identity of the third angel messenger. The first question we must ask is, did anything like this happen
during Ellen White's lifetime? The answer is, No. Ellen White therefore could not be the third angel
messenger. The second question we must ask is: did something like this happen during Houteff's
lifetime? The answer is, Yes. The Holocaust and WWII happened during Houteff's ministry (1928 – 1955).

Also, there were holy angels on earth during Houteff's ministry. Houteff's flock must have included sealed
servants of God, those who have the mark of Ez. 9:4, otherwise the judgment would have fallen on his
church as well. The scripture reads,"Slay utterly old and young, both maid(ens), and little children, and
women, but come not near any man upon whom is the mark..." (Ez. 9:6). That mark is the seal of God. (See
Ez. 9:4.) The presence of sealed servants of God all over America kept the war from our shores.

Christ pointed out that the resurrected saints are “the children of God, being the children of the
resurrection,'' and “neither can they die anymore: for they are equal unto the angels.” (Luke 20:36,
transposed). So we can assume that sealed servants of God, who are assured of resurrection if they die,
are also equal to the angels. This explains the earthly presence of holy angels viewing the torment of the
European Jews. They were sealed servants of God, holy angels to be.

So who was the Lamb? In the article "What If Christ Had Already Come As A Thief," I gave reasons that
Houteff was the Lamb on earth during the Holocaust. I'll repeat one of those reasons here, the least

Houteff was the first of the seven Spirits of God. John the Revelator sees "a Lamb as it had been slain,
having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth."
(Rev. 5:6). These seven Spirits are Christ's (Rev. 3:1) harvest angels; "the harvest is the end of the world;
and the reapers are the angels. The Son of man shall send forth His angels, and they shall gather out of
His kingdom all things that offend, and them that do iniquity." (Matt. 13:39,41). The seven Spirits of God
are attached to Christ, bone to His bone and flesh to His flesh (horns and eyes), as He opens the seals.
(Rev. 5:7-14; Rev. 6:1). However the seals are opened, they must have their part in the opening (if only
writing the message down) and they are the means that Christ uses to transmit the message of each seal
to earth, they are “sent forth into all the earth.” (Rev. 5:6). Moreover, since they are the horns and the
eyes of the Lamb when they are attached to Him, they must each be a Lamb in separate manifestation.
They fulfill the Lamb prophecies found in the Revelation.

Further, the first seal is opened by the Lamb. "And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals (the
first), and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see. And I
saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he
went forth conquering, and to conquer." (Rev. 6:1,2). V.T. Houteff, interpreting the seals historically,
identifies the man as Adam, the bow as Eve, both given dominion by God over the earth (Gen. 1:28). This,
of course, leads us in the right direction. In the end time, this is to be fulfilled by a second Adam, "Faithful
and True", given dominion by God over His Kingdom to establish it on the earth. (Rev. 19:11-16; Rev. 11:

Has this seal been opened? Yes!
V.T. Houteff illuminated over 90 chapters of the Bible. Besides the
prophecies of the Book of Daniel,
he also illuminated all the Kingdom of God prophecies; not only all
those in the Old Testament, but also Christ's parables
. He renamed his church the Davidian Seventh Day
Adventists to acknowledge the literal descendant of Biblical king David who will fulfill the prophecy of
"Faithful and True". Remember, the angel messages are only the instructions; the actual "Faithful and
True" will not be present until the third trumpet. Still, there can be no doubt that at least one of the seven
Spirits of God has come and taken his part in the opening of the seals on the seven thunders. As either
the Lamb or a Lamb, V.T. Houteff opened the first seal.

There is a part of Ezekiel 4 that is relevant to Houteff's message. Remember that the 390 days (years) for
Israel stretched from Luther's time to Ellen White's time. After the 390 days for Israel, Ezekiel was
instructed, "And when thou hast accomplished them (the 390 days laying on his left side for the iniquity of
Israel), lie again on thy right side, and thou shall bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days..." (Ez.
4:6). Note particularly that Ezekiel faced in different directions when he bore the iniquity for Israel and

Houteff has explained the meaning of the 40 years. ""Moreover He said unto me, Son of man, behold, I
will break his staff of bread in Jerusalem: And they shall eat bread by weight, and with care; and they shall
drink water by measure, and with astonishment; That they may want bread and water, and be astonished
one with another, and consume away for their iniquity." Ezek. 4:16, 17. The 13th verse applies to the time
of the 390 years; Ezek. 4:16, 17, to the time of the forty years. The beginning of the 16th verse shows that
there is a break in the prophecy, for we read: "Moreover He said unto me", that is, besides, or
furthermore. "I will break the staff of bread in Jerusalem" (I will cut down, or set it on the decrease). "That
they shall eat bread by weight and with care, and drink water by measure and with astonishment": That is,
sparingly, until their supply of bread is exhausted, and they become hungry. "Astonished"
(astonishment): That is, we would say that we have the truth, or are God's people, but we do not
understand why thus and so; power is lacking, and there is something wrong."" (Ibid, The Shepherd's
Rod, Vol. 1, 1930, p. 129).

During his ministry, Houteff pointed the end of the 40 years to 1930, the date of his first book. He did so
(as you see in the citation at the end of the preceding paragraph in 1930), at the beginning of his ministry,
in that first book. With the power of hindsight, knowing that the Seventh Day Adventist church refused
his ministry until his death in 1955, I have to believe for several reasons, that the 40 years ended in 1955.

First, Ellen White died in 1915, and she was writing until the end. Her last book was published in 1914. So
there was bread (the Word of God) and (living) water, a spiritual message from the Bible all the years of
her life. However, Houteff preached his entire message to the Seventh Day Adventist church. The years
of deprivation of spiritual bread and water occurred during his ministry.

In the preface of The Leviticus of the Davidian SDA, Houteff wrote: “Provisional in setup as well as name,
Davidian Seventh-day Adventist Association exists solely to accomplish a divinely appointed work
within the Seventh-day Adventist denomination, wherein it strictly confines its activities.
As its work
therefore draws to a close, and the “servants of our God” (Rev. 7:3) are sealed, its name will be changed
(Is. 56:5; 62:2; 65:15) and its purpose and its work will become all-embracing to the gospel.” (V. T. Houteff,
The Leviticus of the Davidian SDA, 1937, p. 2).

Because Houteff only preached his message to the Seventh Day Adventists, the rest of Christianity had
no prophetic message during his lifetime.
The Seventh Day Adventist leadership has never accepted
Houteff's message. Not only have they refused it, they have maligned and misrepresented it and done
everything in their power to keep it away from their church. Literally, they faced the other way. Because
of them, the people of the church had only recycled parts of White's message, as Houteff said, "their
supply of bread is exhausted, and they become hungry... (and) would say that we have the truth, or are
God's people, but we do not understand why... power is lacking, and there is something wrong." (Ibid,
The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, 1930, p. 129).
This lack of a prophetic message, by the very church that had all
the previous messages, was from White's death in 1915 throughout Houteff's ministry which ended in
1955. Therefore, despite the fact that Houteff's message was straight biblical truth, the forty years from
White's death to Houteff's death fulfills the forty years of scarcity of bread and water which was decreed
for the iniquity of Judah.
(See Ez. 4:16,17, quoted above.)

I am reluctant to correct Houteff, whose work has been an inspiration to me and for whom I have the
highest respect. On the other hand, the scroll must continue to unroll until the Comforter, who is the Holy
Ghost and the Spirit of truth comes and brings us into all truth. "But when the Comforter is come, whom I
will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall
testify of me: howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into
all truth: for he shall not
speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come."
(John 15:26, 16:13).
In time those who come after me will correct my work in the further unrolling of the

I have written exhaustively about Houteff in other articles on this website, notably No. 26, "Unsealing The
Thunders," No. 24, "What If Christ Had Already Come As A Thief," No. 27, "Sudden Harvest," No. 32,  
"Ramifications Of Jericho," and No. 25, "Philadelphia Or Laodicea." For more about Houteff's work, see
those articles.

Next week, in Part 2, I will discuss the rest of the angel messengers of Revelation 14.

Amo Paul Bishop Roden