The prophecy of Zechariah 12 begins in our time, the summer of 2006, with the nation Israel fighting
terrorists on two fronts. It ends with the remnant of the Jews accepting Christ as the prophesied Messiah.
In between these events, it shows the relative timing of the gathering of the 144,000 on Mount Zion and
the battle of Armegeddon. Finally, it outlines what God expects of the Christian nations in the End-Time.
Let's start with verses 1 and 2.
"The burden of the word of the Lord for Israel, saith the Lord, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and
layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him. Behold, I will make Jerusalem
a cup of trembling unto all the people around about, when they shall be in siege both against Judah and
against Jerusalem." (Zech. 12:1,2).
Note that this is "the burden of the word of the Lord for Israel." That means that the burden (duty,
obligation before God) applies not only to the known Jews, but also to the ten lost tribes. The first
question is where are the members of the tribe of Judah. Any student of Bible history can tell you that the
majority of today's known Jews are of the tribe of Judah. Although they were dispersed from the area of
Israel known as Judah, they retained their tribal identity. In addition there are many unknown descendants
of Judah in the Christian church. Remember the core of the early Christian church was formed in
Jerusalem, the Holy City found in Judah. (See Acts 1:15,2:41.)
Locating Jerusalem is more complicated because there are two, one physical and one spiritual. Physical
Jerusalem is the city where Christ was crucified. Spiritual Jerusalem is found in the Christian nations.
When the followers of Christ left Jerusalem before the city was destroyed in 70 AD, they took spiritual
Jerusalem, the Kingdom of God, with them. "Neither shall they say, Lo here, or, lo there! for, behold, the
Kingdom of God is within you." (Luke 17:21).
Christ warned the chief priests and the elders that when he was rejected, God would take His kingdom
away from them. "Jesus saith unto them, Did you never read in the scriptures, The stone which the
builders rejected, the same has become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is
marvelous in our eyes. Therefore say I unto you, the kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to
a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof." (Matt. 21 :42,43).
On leaving Jerusalem, the followers of Christ found the lost ten tribes in the Gentile lands where they had
been scattered. "The Lord sent a word (Christ the Word -see John 1 :1,14) into Jacob (to the tribes of
Judah and Benjamin and a few members of other tribes still in the Holy Land, who rejected Christ), and it
(Christ the Word) hath lighted upon Israel (been accepted by the lost tribes in the gentile nations). And all
the people shall know, even Ephraim (royal house of the lost tribes) and the inhabitants of Samaria (the
land from whence the lost tribes were scattered) ... " (Is. 8:8,9).
Therefore, Jerusalem refers to the Christian nations and Judah to Israel the nation. These are the
Christian nations that Christ will judge worthy. "Then shall the King (Christ) say unto them on His right
hand, Come, ye blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the
world." (Matt. 25:34). In the time of the Seventh Angel (with a trumpet) these nations take God and Christ
as their rulers. "And the seventh angel sounded (his trumpet): and there were great voices in heaven,
saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of His Christ; and He shall
reign for ever and ever." (Rev. 11:15).
It is obvious that America stands at the forefront of these Christian nations. This is the will of God.
Jerusalem is the site of the temple. The temple is marked by prophetic messages explaining scripture,
this one and its predecessors.
Going back to the scripture, Jerusalem (led by America) is to terrorize, become "a cup of trembling," to
those who "shall be in the siege both against Judah and against Jerusalem." As the nightly news makes
apparent, Arab terrorists have besieged Israel and the Christian world with their bombs and acts of
Regrettably, America's political agenda in not in accordance with God's will. This is because America's
leaders are ignoring reality. First, every oppressive regime requires an outside enemy. The Arab nations
particularly have a huge inflexible gap between rich and poor. The kings, princes, sultans, emirs, etc.
must have an outside enemy and a "holy" war to distract malcontents from demanding opportunity. These
same powers (no matter what they say) have no intention of allowing the poor to profit from Iraqi oil. They
will continue to send infiltrators to foment civil war in Iraq, killing Sunnis and Shiites, police and soldiers
who are trying to establish democracy in Iraq.
It is not America's obligation to waste money and lives trying to reform the corrupt Arab world. It is
America's obligation before God to pursue a scorched earth policy against terrorists. Note that the burden
of terrorizing those regimes that support and harbor terrorists falls on Jerusalem, the Christian nations.
"And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with
it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it." (Zech. 12:3).
At this time, the Arab nations, as evidenced by their street demonstrations, are united against America,
the "great Satan." This situation will escalate into a division between God's chosen Christian nations and
the rest of the earth. But those nations that fight against Jerusalem, God's kingdom, his chosen Christian
nations, "shall be cut in pieces."
"In that day, saith the Lord, I will smite every horse with astonishment, and his rider with madness: and I
will open Mine eyes upon the house of Judah, and will smite every horse of the people with blindness."
(Zech. 12:4). Horses are the steeds of kings and great leaders, and they can symbolize the servants of
these men. "... the Lord hath visited His flock the house of Judah, and hath made them as His goodly
horse in the battle." (Zech. 10:3). As the horses in Zech. 10:3 symbolize God's servants the tribe of Judah
(the nation Israel and the known Jews who support it), the horses in Zech. 12:4 symbolize the servants of
God's people of the tribe of Judah. In the tribe of Judah (the known Jews) the horses of the people are
Rabbis, who intercede for the people in the houses of worship. They will be smitten with blindness; in
other words, they will continue to refuse to acknowledge Christ the Messiah.
The astonishment of the servants and the madness of their masters are caused by God taking a hand in
human affairs. When God says, "I will open Mine eyes on the house of Judah," He is beginning the
judgment of Judah, part of the judgment of the living. God has already begun the judgment of the living, a
continuous and progressive judgment on the wicked, with the destruction of the followers of David
Koresh, an event that literally began the fulfillment of Ezekiel 9. Because God "will smite every horse of
the people (Rabbi) with blindness," most of the tribe of Judah (all but the Messianic Jews) will be judged
without the mercy and grace of Christ.
The astonishment and madness are prophesied thusly, "Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of
Israel. Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider
shall fall backward. I have waited for Thy salvation, 0 Lord." (Gen. 49:16-18). Messiahs (saviors) from the
tribe of Dan will be the judges. "And saviors (messiahs) shall come up on the mount Zion to judge the
mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be the Lord's." (Obad. 21).
"And the governors of Judah shall say in their heart, The inhabitants of Jerusalem shall be my strength in
the Lord of hosts their God." (Zech. 12:5). Even as the Rabbis continue to refuse Christ, the leaders of
Judah (the nation Israel) rightly place their faith in the support of the Christian nations.
"In that day will I make the governors of Judah like a hearth of fire among the wood, and like a torch of fire
in a sheaf; and they shall devour all the people round about, on the right hand and on the left: and
Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place, even in Jerusalem." (Zech. 12:6). We see this
prophecy partially fulfilled now in this summer of 2006 as Israel fights terrorists on two fronts. This
prophecy will be completely fulfilled when the 144,000 of Rev. 7 (the fruit of Spiritual Jerusalem) stand on
Mount Zion with the Lamb as described in Rev. 14:1-5. Mount Zion is in Jerusalem, so this return of the
144,000 wave sheaf of the lost tribes and the known tribes fulfills the prophecy "and Jerusalem (spiritual)
shall be inhabited again in her own place, even in (physical) Jerusalem." Note that the providence of our
all-powerful God strengthens the nation Israel to protect the 144,000. Truly, the nation Israel becomes
God's "goodly horse in the battle." (Zech. 10:3).
"The Lord also shall save the tents of Judah first, that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the
inhabitants of Jerusalem do not magnify themselves against Judah." (Zech. 12:7). Again we see a
particular protection on the nation Israel, even though the Rabbis continue to refuse Christ. Note,
however, that the descendants of David are found in the Christian nations. God will glorify both the
Messianic Jews and all Christians that worship him in righteousness and truth according to the Mosaic
Law as amended by Christ. These are Spiritual Jerusalem.
"In that day shall the Lord God defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at
that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the Lord before them."
(Zech. 12:8). David was a young shepherd boy, but by God's grace he slew Goliath. Fear not!
The house of David are the literal descendants of David who fulfill such prophecies as: "Behold, the days
come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper,
and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel (all the
tribes) shall dwell safely: and this is the name whereby he shall be called, The Lord Our Righteousness."
(Jer. 23:5,6). This Branch of David shall have the power of God, as a mighty angel that leads God's army
into battle. He will rule representing Christ in the Millennium Kingdom.
Here's more of the house of David. "In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of
righteousness to grow up unto David, and (s)he shall execute justice and righteousness in the land. In
those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem (both spiritual and physical) shall dwell safely: and this is
the name wherewith SHE shall be called, The Lord our righteousness." (Jer. 33:15,16). She will judge
representing the Holy Ghost in the Millennium Kingdom. These two, a man and a woman, will have power
as the archangels Michael and Gabriel. In their day, the Lord defends Jerusalem. "As birds flying, so will
the Lord of hosts defend Jerusalem: defending also He will deliver it: and passing over He will preserve
it." (Is. 31 :5). God is going to redeem His people.
"And it will come to pass in that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against
Jerusalem." (Zech. 12:9). This promise is fulfilled in the battle of Armegeddon. "And He gathered them
together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon. And the seventh angel poured out his vial
(of the wrath of God) into the air: and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the
throne, saying, It is done." (Rev. 16:16,17). Armageddon is a compound word. Har means hill or mount and
Megiddon means rendezvous as troops assembling. This battle, which takes place before the Millennium,
should not be confused with the battle in the valley of Jehoshaphat after the Millennium.
"And I shall pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and
of supplications: and they shall look upon Me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for Him, as
one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for Him, as one that is in bitterness for his
firstborn." (Zech. 12:10). This is a prophecy of the known Jews accepting Christ. Led by the two Branches
of David, the Christians shall preach Christ to the Jews in the spirit of grace and with gentle pleadings,
and the men of Judah will hear. Those who accept Christ will be grieved to the heart.
Note that this verse affirms Christ's part of the Godhead, "they shall look upon Me (God says 'Me' rather
than 'Him;' because, as Christ says, "I and My Father are one”) whom they have pierced." As you
remember, Christ was pierced in His hands and feet and side during His crucifixion.
"In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of
Megiddon." (Zech. 12:11). King Josiah, the most righteous of the kings of Judah died in the valley of
Megiddon. "Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in
Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath. And he did that which
was right in the sight of the Lord, and walked in all the way of David his father, and turned not aside to the
right hand, or to the left." (2 Kings 22:1,2). "And like unto him there was no king before him, that turned to
the Lord with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to the law of Moses;
neither after him arose there any like him. Notwithstanding the Lord turned not from the fierceness of his
great wrath, wherewith his anger was kindled against Judah, because of all the provocations that
Manasseh (Josiah's father) had provoked him withal. Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did,
are they not written in the books of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? In his days Pharaohnechoh king
of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and
he slew him (Josiah) at Megiddo, when he had seen him. And his servants carried him in a chariot dead
from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulcher." (2 Kings 23:25-30).
The mourning for Christ in likened to the mourning of Hadadrimmon for Josiah. Hadadrimmon is a
compound word. Rimmon means pomegranate and is a symbol of the Holy Ghost, the Spirit of Truth, whose
personal advent is prophesied by Christ in such scriptures as John 15:26; 16:7-14. (See my tract No. 22,
"The Holy Family" for a full explanation.) Hadad is a word thought to be of foreign origin and is the name of
an idol or king. Putting this together with the great righteousness of king Josiah, it is fair to say that he
was a representative of the Holy Ghost to his generation. He must have been greatly mourned.
"And the land shall mourn, every family apart; and the family of the house of David apart, and their wives
apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart; the families of the house of Levi
apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Shemei apart, and their wives apart. All the families
that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart." (Zech. 12:12-14).
These names encompass all the known Jews. The house of David is the Branches of David who lead the
Kingdom of God. One Nathan was a prophet to David, another his descendant, yet another, one of his
mighty men. The name Nathan represents the prophets, the royals and the powerful. Levi (the historic
tribe of the priesthood) represents the priests of Israel, the Rabbis. The name Shemei historically denotes
descendants of Levi, Benjamin, Judah and Reuben and represents known Jews who know their tribes.
Finally, there is a catchall group for those Jews who have lost the knowledge of their tribes, "all the
families that remain." Most of the descendants of the lost ten tribes are in this group. Many of this last
group will be Christians, they will join the Kingdom of God on their first Day of Atonement. While the Jews
repent failing to recognize Christ, Christians will repent failure to live by the Law that he so faithfully kept.
Many have crucified Christ afresh.
From this day, God will join the tribes in love and brotherhood. “And I will make them one nation in the
land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all, and they shall be no more two
nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all.” (Ez. 37:22). It is this promise that
explains the abiding support of Christians for the nation Israel.
Amo Paul Bishop Roden