The term "Holy Ghost" is only used in the New Testament. The term "Holy Spirit" is used once in Psalms,
twice by Isaiah, once by Christ and three times by Paul. The concept of Christ's spirit is mentioned four
times by Peter and Paul, but the concept of the Spirit of God is used extensively in both Old and New

Small wonder that John, while not denying the Holy Family, preached the trinity. "For there are three that
bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word (Christ, see John 1:1,14) and the Holy Ghost: and these three
are one." (1 John 5:7). Similarly Christ, while not denying the Holy Family, "the whole family in heaven" -
Eph. 3:15, also considered baptism by only three members to be sufficient. "Go ye therefore, and teach all
nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost..." (Matt. 28:19).

The questions are these. What do the names Holy Spirit, Holy Ghost, Spirit of God, Spirit of Christ, etc tell
us about the Holy Mother and the Holy Daughter? Are there really two females in the Godhead? How
similar are they?

Before I continue, let me state the obvious. Every spiritual person has a spirit. In addition to that spirit,
God may cause a divine Spirit to dwell within those He considers His children. "The Spirit itself beareth
with our spirit, that we are the children of God..." (Rom. 8:16).

Here are the references to the Spirit of Christ which I found in the Bible.

"But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man
have not the
Spirit of Christ, he is none of His. And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but
the Spirit is life because of righteousness." (Rom. 8:9,10). If you are of Christ, His Spirit will dwell within
you and preserve your spirit unto eternal life.

"And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the
Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father."
(Gal. 4:6). God has acknowledged true Christians as sons. The Spirit of Christ in their hearts causes them
to cry to Christ, "The everlasting Father," (Is. 9:6), Abba (my love and my trust), Father.

"For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer, and the supply of
the Spirit of Jesus
, according to my earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but that with
all boldness, as always, so now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life, or by
death." (Phil. 1:19-20). When the Spirit of Christ is within you, your body (in deeds) will magnify Christ.

In these three scriptures, the Spirit of Christ referred to could be straightforwardly Christ's personal
divine Spirit, full of love, selflessness, truth, and glory. In the following scripture, however there is a
suggestion of the Holy Ghost as the Spirit of Christ.

"Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched (the scriptures) diligently, who prophesied
of the grace that should come unto you: searching what, or what manner of time the
Spirit of Christ which
was in them
did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should
follow." (1 Peter 1:10,11). The Spirit of Christ was in the prophets, they underwent persecution in order to
benefit God's people. But understanding of the prophecies and prophecy itself comes from the Holy
Ghost, whose Spirit dwelt within Christ during His earthly ministry.

"For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved
by the Holy Ghost." (2 Peter 1:21).

But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, (s)he shall teach you
all things
, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you." (John 14:26). (See
No. 22, "The Holy Family" for an understanding of the "(s)he".)

"And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the
wilderness..." (Luke 4:1). As you see from this scripture, the Holy Ghost was within Christ. Despite guiding
Christ, the Holy Spirit, being outside Christ, could not be called the Spirit of Christ.

In conclusion, the concept of the Spirit of Christ as used by the Apostles could refer either to the divine
Spirit which was a natural part of Christ, or to the Holy Ghost which dwelt within Christ during His earthly

The rarely used term "Holy Spirit" tells us quite a lot. Here are the scriptures.

"Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. Cast me not away from Thy
presence; and take not Thy holy spirit from me." (Ps. 51:10,11). The Holy Spirit is associated with the
presence of God.

"But they rebelled, and vexed His holy Spirit: therefore He (God) was turned to be their enemy, and He
fought against them. Then He remembered the days of old, Moses, and His people, saying, Where is He
(God) that brought them up out of the (Red) sea with the shepherd (Moses) of His flock? where is He
(God) that put His holy Spirit within him (Moses)?" (Is. 63:10-11). Rebellion vexes the Holy Spirit. The Holy
Spirit dwelt within Moses.

"If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your
heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask Him?" (Luke 11:13). The Holy Spirit is a wonderful gift
from God to those who ask.

"In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also
after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise..." (Eph.1:13). The Holy Spirit seals
people unto their salvation.

"And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.  
Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of
another. Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath: neither give place to the
devil. Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is
good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your
mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers.
grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption
. Let all bitterness, and
wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice: and be ye kind
one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s sake hath forgiven you."
(Eph. 4:24-32). The Holy Spirit seals people unto their salvation, however the Holy Spirit can not seal those
who fall into sin, but only those who love their brethren in Christ.

"He therefore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God, who hath also given unto us His holy Spirit." (1
Thess. 4:8). The Holy Spirit is a gift from God. If your heart is consumed with hate and anger, you are
despising God's gift of the Spirit, and God Himself.

In summation: the Holy Spirit is associated with the presence of God. The Holy Spirit dwelt within Moses.
The Holy Spirit seals people unto their salvation. The Holy Spirit is a gift from God. The Holy Spirit can be
grieved and vexed with those who refuse to be guided by God's Law and Christ.

We have seen that the Holy Ghost dwelt within Christ and the Holy Spirit dwelt within Moses. (See Luke 4:1
and Is. 63:10-11 quoted above.) Some of the contrast in their ministries must be due to the fact that Moses
was a man and Christ, even in human form, was divine. Nevertheless, contrasting their ministries gives us
a basis to contrast the Holy Spirit with the Holy Ghost.

Moses was an organizer and a leader whose primary focus was delivering the children of Israel from Egypt
and taking them to the promised land. He brought them the Law of God and a physical form of intercession
for lawbreaking, the sacrificing of animals and other services at the tabernacle. Although Moses was a
prophet, almost all of his prophesies were of physical events, some like the plagues of Egypt were
fulfilled immediately.

In contrast, Christ's ministry was spiritual, a delivery from sin and death. He was not primarily concerned
with organization, but with preparing those who followed Him to bring forth His church. Almost all of His
message was prophecy or explained prophecy. The prophecies He spoke generally dealt with spiritual

Of course much of this is explained by the fact that Moses was a man and Christ was the only begotten
son of God, but there is an underlying pattern. The representatives of the Holy Spirit will be concerned
with removing God's people from Egypt and bringing them back to the Law of God (as amended by Christ),
while the Holy Ghost in Her advent as the Comforter will be concerned with bringing forth the fruits of the
spirit within God's Kingdom.

"In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and
shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land
. In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem
shall dwell safely: and this is the name wherewith
she shall be called, The Lord Our Righteousness." (Jer.
33:15,16). This is the personal advent of the Holy Ghost.

Although there are many scriptures about the Holy Ghost, I will only quote the most important.

"Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy
against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men." (Matt. 12:31). The Holy Ghost is a judge who will
condemn those who despise Her and speak against Her.

"But when they shall lead you, and deliver you up, take no thought beforehand what ye shall speak,
neither do ye premeditate: but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour, that speak ye: for it is not ye
that speak, but the Holy Ghost." (Matt. 13:11). The Holy Ghost guides the speech of those who are
persecuted for preaching Christ.

"And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave
them utterance." (Acts 2:4). The Holy Ghost gives the gift of proficiency with languages to help the ministry
take Christ's message to the world.

"Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the
remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost." (Acts 2:38). "And when they had prayed,
the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost,
and they spake the word of God with boldness." (Acts 4:31). The gift of the Holy Ghost empowers a person
to teach the Gospels with power.

"And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues,
prophesied." (Acts 19:6). One of the manifestations of the gift of the Holy Ghost is the ability to foretell
parts of the future.

"And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the
Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called
the Son of God." (Luke 1:35).

I have saved this Holy Ghost scripture for last because I can not satisfactorily explain it. Logic says to me
that this should be the Holy Spirit Mother coming upon Mary instead of the Holy Ghost Daughter. I leave
this for the Comforter, who is the Holy Ghost, to explain.

Now let's consider the most important scriptures that reference the Spirit of God.

"And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of
God moved upon the face of the waters." (Gen. 1:2). The Spirit of God was present at the creation.

"See, I have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah: and I have filled
him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of
workmanship, to devise cunning works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in cutting of
stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship." (Ex. 31:2-5). The gifts
of God's Spirit include wisdom, understanding, knowledge and all sorts of practical skills to accomplish
God's purposes, in this case building the wilderness tabernacle.

"And the Lord came down in a cloud, and spake unto him (Moses), and took of the spirit that was upon
him, and gave it unto the seventy elders: and it came to pass, that, when the spirit rested upon them, they
prophesied, and did not cease." (Num. 11:25). The gift of the Holy Spirit, which God put inside Moses
{where is he (God) that put his holy Spirit within him (Moses)?" (Is. 63:10-11}, caused the seventy elders to
prophesy when God took of that Spirit and gave it to them. As with the Holy Ghost, the gift of the Holy
Spirit causes a person to prophesy.

"And the spirit of the Lord came upon him (Sampson), and he went down to Ashkelon, and slew thirty men
of them, and took their spoil, and gave change of garments unto them which expounded the riddle. And
his anger was kindled, and he went up to his father’s house." (Judges 14:19). The Spirit of God gave
Sampson super-human strength.

"And the spirit of the Lord will come upon thee (Saul), and
thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be
turned into another man
. And when they came thither to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him;
and the spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them." (1 Sam. 10:6,10). The gift of the
Spirit of God can be a life altering experience.

"Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him (David) in the midst of his brethren: and the spirit of
the Lord came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah. But the spirit of
the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord troubled him." (1 Sam. 16:13,14), When David
was anointed as king, the Spirit of God came upon him to provide him with all the wisdom, understanding,
knowledge and spirituality necessary for ruling. At the same time, Saul, who had not been obedient to
God, lost these blessings (and his divine right to be king), and the Lord replaced his blessings with an
evil spirit. Those blessed with the Spirit of God must be obedient to God in all things.

"And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: and
the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and
might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord
..." (Is. 11:1,2). This is the blessing of the Spirit of
God which rests on His anointed kings.

"Wisdom crieth without; she uttereth her voice in the streets: she crieth in the chief place of concourse,
in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, saying, turn you at my reproof: behold, I
will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you." (Prov. 1:20,21,23). Wisdom, the
Spirit of God, actively seeks to educate those who are willing to repent and reform in the truth of the Lord.
This is particularly true in the end time when the message of the Spirit of God will be preached by the
144,000 in the cities of the world.

"And judgment is turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for truth is fallen in the street, and
equity cannot enter.
Yea, truth faileth; and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a prey: and the Lord
saw it, and it displeased Him that there was no judgment. And He saw that there was no man, and
wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore His arm brought salvation (Christ) unto Him; and His
righteousness, it sustained Him. For He put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation
upon His head; and He put on the garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke.
According to their deeds, accordingly He will repay, fury to His adversaries, recompence to His enemies;
to the islands He will repay recompence. So shall they fear the name of the Lord from the west, and His
glory from the rising of the sun.
When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall lift
up a standard against him (lead the battle against God's enemies)
. And the Redeemer shall come to Zion
(Christ's King), and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob (the 144,000), saith the Lord. As for
Me, this is My covenant with them (the 144,000), saith the Lord; My spirit that is upon thee, and My words
which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out
of the mouth of thy seed’s seed, saith the Lord, from henceforth and for ever." (Is. 59:14-21). The Spirit of
God lifts up a message (standard) which leads the battle against those who persecute God's repentant
and reformed people. The gifts of God's Spirit on the 144,000 will be inherited.

"And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out My spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your
daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: and also
upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out My spirit." (Joel 1:28,29). The gifts
of God's Spirit are not limited to the seed of Israel, but will fall also on those who serve them.

"And I will put My spirit within you, and cause you to walk in My statutes, and ye shall keep My judgments,
and do them." (Ez. 36:27). The Spirit of God within people causes them to be obedient to God.

"Neither will I hide My face any more from them: for I have poured out My spirit upon the house of Israel,
saith the Lord God." (Ez. 39:29). When the gifts of the Spirit of God cause God's people to be wise,
understanding and obedient, they will find God responsive to their prayers.

"And Jesus, when He was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were
opened unto Him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon Him: and lo a
voice from heaven, saying, This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." (Matt. 3:16,17). The Spirit
of God showed Herself in the symbol of a descending dove, and spoke to claim Her Son.

"Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but
the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. And He (God) that
searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the
saints according to the will of God." (Rom. 8:26). The Spirit of God is an intercessor and is guided by God
to intercede for those God deems worthy, the saints.

"But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the
things which God hath prepared for them that love Him. But God hath revealed them unto us by His Spirit:
for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God." (1 Cor. 2:9,10). God's mysteries, the
prophecies of the Bible, are revealed to mankind by the Spirit of God.

"And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God..." (Eph. 6:17). The
helmet of salvation is the knowledge of Christ. Our end time battle will be won not with the weapons of
mankind, but with the word of God which comes through His Spirit. "Not by might, nor by power, but by My
spirit, saith the Lord of hosts." (Zech. 4:6).

"Quench not the Spirit. Despise not prophesyings." (1 Thess. 5:19,20). Where the Spirit of God is there will
be people speaking prophesy.

"For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. For ye have not received the spirit
of bondage again to fear; but ye have received
the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The
Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God..." (Rom. 8:14-16). The gifts of
the Spirit of God, when combined with the personal spirit of true Christians, show them to be part of God's

I would like to contrast this with a scripture I quoted earlier which mentioned the Spirit of Christ. "And
because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the
Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father." (Gal.
4:6). Clearly, the Spirit of adoption refers to Christ.

From a paternalistic point of view, since God is the Father, it could be said that the Spirits of "the whole
family in heaven" (Eph. 3:15) all belong to Him and each could be individually characterized as the "Spirit
of God." On the other hand, the marriage relationship described by God shows a much higher level of
unity than the parent - child relationship. "Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall
cleave unto his wife: and
they shall be one flesh." (Gen. 2:24). On this basis I identify the Spirit of God as
the wife of God, the Holy Spirit Mother.

Lois Roden has also identified the Holy Spirit as the female counterpart of God (His Spirit) and the Holy
Ghost as the female counterpart of Christ (His Spirit).

""The Eternal Father has a FEMALE counterpart, a Branch of Himself, a co-creator standing BY Him, The
Holy Spirit, the Eternal Mother (Zec. 4:14)."

""All these symbols denote TWO SETS of Witnesses in Heaven: (1) The Eternal Father and Eternal Mother.
(2) The Everlasting Father (Christ) Isa. 9:6, and the Everlasting Mother (the Holy Ghost – John 14:26).
(3) In the earth, two SETS of WITNESSES -- The first Adam and Eve and the Second Adam (Christ) and Eve
(Holy Ghost)..."" (Lois Roden, "The Bride Of Christ," 1986, p. 9,10).

I believe Lois Roden to be correct, so I accept that there are two Holy Women in the Godhead. I ask men to
consider if they would judge their own families complete with only sons to follow them. I suspect most
men (and women) would feel a sentimental desire to see a pretty little girl among their children.

We are told to understand the Godhead by studying those who were created in the image of God. "For the
invisible things of Him (God) from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the
things that are made (Adam and Eve in the image of God and the Holy Spirit), even His eternal power and
Godhead; so that they are without excuse... (Romans 1:20). If the Adams and Eves of this world would
desire a daughter to make their families complete, and they know that they are like God, why should they
be surprised that God has chosen to have both a wife
and a daughter.

Amo Paul Bishop Roden.