ISAIAH 8, HEZEKIAH AND YESHUA
"Moreover the Lord said unto me, Take thee a great roll, and write in it with a man’s pen concerning
Mahershalalhashbaz. And I took unto me faithful witnesses to record, Uriah the priest, and Zechariah the
son of Jeberechiah. And I went unto the prophetess; and she conceived, and bare a son. Then said the
Lord to me, Call his name Mahershalalhashbaz. For before the child shall have knowledge to cry, My
father, and my mother, the riches of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria shall be taken away before the
king of Assyria." (Is. 8:1-4).

Mahershalalhashbaz is defined as "plunder speedeth; spoil hasteth" (Easton's Bible Dictionary). Easton
also comments that Isaiah was commanded to write the name on a tablet, and afterwards to give as a
symbolical name to a son that was to be born to him denoting the sudden attack on Damascus and Syria
by the Assyrian army.

The name is given to Isaiah twice, both as a prophecy to be recorded and as a person to be born. This
contrasts with the name of another of Isaiah's sons, Shearjashub. Shearjashub means "a remnant shall
escape or return." (Easton's Bible Dictionary). The name was prophetic of the intercession of God
through the mouth of the prophet Oded, who met the army that was returning to Samaria with the
captives of Judah and caused their captors to return them to Judah.  

The name of Isaiah's son, Shearjashub was prophetic of a one time event, a prophecy to be immediately
fulfilled. Just so, as the name of Isaiah's son, Mahershalalhashbaz was a prophecy of an immediate event,
the overthrow of Syria. But the prophecy will also have a latter day fulfillment, because it was written
down, "Take thee a great roll, and write in it with a man’s pen concerning Mahershalalhashbaz." Here is
the immediate overthrow of Syria promised by the child's name Mahershalalhashbaz.

"So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up,
and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up
against me. And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the Lord, and in the
treasures of the king’s house, and sent it for a present to the king of Assyria. And the king of Assyria
hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried the
people of it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin." (2 Kings 16:7-9).

"The Lord spake also unto me (Isaiah) again, saying, Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of
Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah’s son; now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth
up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, even the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he
shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks: and he shall pass through Judah; he shall
overflow and go over, he shall reach even to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the
breadth of thy land, O Immanuel." (Is. 8:5-9).

The beginning of this prophecy was fulfilled as the northern kingdom, Israel, was taken into captivity by
the King of Assyria. Two reasons are given for this judgment. First they refused "the waters of Shiloah
that go softly." Shiloah (also Siloah, see Neh. 3:15) was a pool in the city of Jerusalem. So refusing its
waters is a symbol of the refusal of the temple in Jerusalem, where God's people were to present
themselves three times a year. (See Ex. 23:16.17.) Instead the people of the northern kingdom, variously
called Israel for the ten tribes, Samaria for its capital city, and Ephraim for the tribe of its rulers, were
idolaters.

The second reason for the judgment on the northern kingdom was that they supported the invasion of
their brothers in Judah, they "rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah’s son," the two kings who formed a
confederacy that thought to destroy Judah. Here is a description of the overthrow of the northern
kingdom prophesied by Isaiah, "the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many,
even the king of Assyria, and all his glory."

"In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and
Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali,
and carried them captive to Assyria. And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son
of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead..." (2 Kings 15:29,30).

"In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel
nine years. And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, but not as the kings of Israel that were
before him. Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave
him presents. And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king
of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of
Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison. Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land,
and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years. In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took
Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan,
and in the cities of the Medes." (2 Kings 17:1-6).

The king of Assyria did not stop with the overthrow of Syria and the northern kingdom, Israel. He went
past the limits God had set for him. Continuing the metaphor of "the waters of the river, strong and many,
even the king of Assyria," Isaiah foretold that "he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his
banks." Ignoring God's limits, the king of Assyria invaded Judah, "he shall pass through Judah; he shall
overflow and go over, he shall reach even to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the
breadth of thy land, O Immanuel."

Before discussing the fulfillment of this prophecy, let's discuss who Immanuel is. Most Christians will tell
you it is Christ, but they won't tell you why the name Immanuel occurs in this scripture. Perhaps Jews
associate the name with Hezekiah, who was king when this prophecy was fulfilled. If they don't associate
the name with Hezekiah, they should. Christians should not disagree with me without reading further,
Hezekiah was a pattern for Our Righteous Christ. It was prophesied of Christ, "he shall confirm the
covenant with many for one week." (Dan. 9:27).

Hezekiah was an extremely righteous man, a representative of God to his generation, an Immanuel, a
"God with us." "Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah
the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign. Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign;
and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name also was Abi, the daughter of
Zachariah.  And he did that which was right in the sight of the Lord, according to all that David his father
did. He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces
the brasen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it:
and he called it Nehushtan (a mere thing of brass, Easton's Bible Dictionary). He trusted in the Lord God
of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him.
For he clave to the Lord, and departed not from following Him, but kept His commandments, which the
Lord commanded Moses. And the Lord was with him; and he prospered whithersoever he went forth: and
he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not." (2 Kings 18:1-7).  

This was not all that Hezekiah did for God, he also restored worship in the temple in Jerusalem. "He in the
first year of his reign, in the first month, opened the doors of the house of the Lord, and repaired them.
And he brought in the priests and the Levites, and gathered them together into the east street, and said
unto them, Hear me, ye Levites, sanctify now yourselves, and sanctify the house of the Lord God of your
fathers...  And the priests went into the inner part of the house of the Lord, to cleanse it, and brought out
all the uncleanness that they found in the temple of the Lord... Now they began on the first day of the first
month to sanctify, and on the eighth day of the month came they to the porch of the Lord: so they
sanctified the house of the Lord in eight days; and in the sixteenth day of the first month they made an
end." (2 Chron. 29:3-5,16,17).

Hezekiah called both kingdoms to celebrate the Passover in Jerusalem. "And Hezekiah sent to all Israel
and Judah, and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the
Lord at Jerusalem, to keep the passover unto the Lord God of Israel. So the posts passed from city to city
through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh even unto Zebulun: but they laughed them to scorn, and
mocked them. Nevertheless divers of Asher and Manasseh and of Zebulun humbled themselves, and
came to Jerusalem. And all the congregation of Judah, with the priests and the Levites, and all the
congregation that came out of Israel, and the strangers that came out of the land of Israel, and that dwelt
in Judah, rejoiced. So there was great joy in Jerusalem: for since the time of Solomon the son of David
king of Israel there was not the like in Jerusalem. Then the priests the Levites arose and blessed the
people: and their voice was heard, and their prayer came up to his holy dwelling place, even unto
heaven." (2 Chron. 30:1,10,11,25-27).

Hezekiah caused the places of false worship to be destroyed. "Now when all this was finished, all Israel
that were present went out to the cities of Judah, and brake the images in pieces, and cut down the
groves, and threw down the high places and the altars out of all Judah and Benjamin, in Ephraim also and
Manasseh, until they had utterly destroyed them all." (2 Chron. 31:1).

Hezekiah also reestablished the tithe for the Levites. "Moreover he commanded the people that dwelt in
Jerusalem to give the portion of the priests and the Levites, that they might be encouraged in the law of
the Lord. And thus did Hezekiah throughout all Judah, and wrought that which was good and right and
truth before the Lord his God. And in every work that he began in the service of the house of God, and in
the law, and in the commandments, to seek his God, he did it with all his heart, and prospered." (2 Chron.
31:4,20,21). So King Hezekiah reestablished true worship in Judah.

Despite the righteousness of  Hezekiah, there still remained a curse on his father, Ahaz, for idolatry. "The
Lord shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father’s house, days that have not come
from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah (when Israel split into two kingdoms); even the king of
Assyria." (Is. 7:17). Most of this judgment was fulfilled on Ahaz , however the judgment "upon they father's
house" was fulfilled against Hezekiah, Ahaz's son. (See No. 93, "Isaiah 7, Yeshua And The Apostles.")

The part of this prophecy against Ahaz, which was fulfilled on Hezekiah, "upon thy father's house," is the
same as the prophecy we have been discussing. Here it is again.

"The Lord spake also unto me (Isaiah) again, saying, Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of
Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah’s son; now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth
up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, even
the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he
shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks: and
he shall pass through Judah; he shall
overflow and go over, he shall reach even to the neck
; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the
breadth of thy land, O Immanuel." (Is. 8:5-9).

The king of Assyria invaded Judah, exceeding the limits God set for him, "he shall come up over all his
channels, and go over all his banks: and he shall pass through Judah." The invasion reached even to the
capital city Jerusalem, "he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach even to the neck." Reaching "even
to the neck" meant that the King of Assyria surrounded Jerusalem, which was the head of Judah. For
example, "the head of Syria is Damascus." (Is. 7:8).

Because Hezekiah feared God, God heard his prayers and sent an angel to slay his enemies. "And it came
to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred
fourscore and five thousand: and when they (the survivors) arose early in the morning, behold, they were
all (surrounded by) dead corpses. So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and
dwelt at Nineveh. And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that
Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword: and they escaped into the land of
Armenia. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead." (2 Kings 19:35-37).

The protection of all of Judah from the king of Assyria fulfilled the final part of this prophecy, "and the
stretching out of his (God's) wings shall fill the breadth of thy land (Judah), O Immanuel (Hezekiah)." The
salvation of Judah caused great rejoicing. "How excellent is thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore
the
children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings
." (Psalms 36:7).

In the end time the One World Government plays the role of the Assyrian. This prophecy is fulfilled again
during the time of the plagues as Christ shelters those of God's Kingdom who walk with Him in God's Law.
"and the stretching out of his (Christ's) wings shall fill the breadth of thy land (Kingdom of God), O
Immanuel (Yeshua)."

The whole chapter of Malachi 4 is a prophecy of the salvation of those who walk with Christ in God's Law.

"For, behold, the day cometh (the time of the plagues), that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea,
and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the Lord of
hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. But unto you that fear My name shall the Sun of
righteousness (Christ) arise with healing (physical and spiritual) in His wings (which are spread over you
to protect you); and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall (nurtured and protected). And ye
shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet (burned up) in the day
that I shall do this, saith the Lord of hosts. (In order to be protected in the time of the plagues:)
Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the
statutes and judgments. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet (a series of prophetic messages)
before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord (calling for repentance and a return to God's
Law): And he (the final Elijah messenger) shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart
of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the (whole) earth (even the Kingdom of God) with a
curse." (Mal. 4:1-6).

The dual fulfillment of this prophecy by both Hezekiah and Christ is the reason that the prophecy of
Christ's virgin birth and name, Immanuel, appeared during the days of Hezekiah's father, Ahaz. (See No.
93, "Isaiah 7, Yeshua And The Apostles".)

"Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries:
gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces. Take
counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us.
For the Lord spake thus to me with a strong hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way of
this people, saying, Say ye not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy;
neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid." (Is. 8:9).

There are three confederacies or evil associations, prophesied here. Each is of the pattern established
by "Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel (who) came up to Jerusalem to war." (Is. 7:
1). That means that each confederacy will be between the heathen (represented by Rezin king of Syria)
and God's chosen people who have forgotten His Law (represented by Pekah king of Israel).

The first of these three confederacies is to be found in Judah, "Associate yourselves, O ye people, and
ye shall be broken in pieces." The other two confederacies will be found in far countries, "give ear, all ye
of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be
broken in pieces."

None of these confederacies will be at all successful in their desire to destroy God's people. "Take
counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us."
God's people are instructed to be fearless because His hand is strong. "For the Lord spake thus to me
with a strong hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way of this people, saying, Say ye not,
A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be
afraid."

"Sanctify the Lord of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread." (Is. 8:13).

Those who survive the confederacies will be those who worship God according to His biblical
instructions of how to worship Him, they sanctify Him. They fear to ignore the prophet He sends to guide
them. They dread even the thought of giving offense to God by failing to keep His Commandments and
statutes and judgments.

Two of the confederacies to destroy God's people will form outside of Judah during the time of the
plagues, "give ear, all ye of far countries."  As the following verses show, the first confederacy was
formed against Yeshua the Christ.

" And He (Yeshua) shall be for a sanctuary (to those who accept Him); but for a stone of stumbling and for
a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel (the Jews in Judah and those of the lost tribes elsewhere
who refused His message), for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem (who conspired
against Him). And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken."
(Is. 8:13,14).

The confederacy formed against Yeshua was between the Romans (representing the heathens) and the
inhabitants of Jerusalem (representing God's people). Here is a description of the confederacy from
Matthew.

"When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus
to put Him to death: and when they had bound Him, they led Him away, and delivered Him to Pontius Pilate
the governor. Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say
unto him, Let Him be crucified. And the governor said, Why, what evil hath He done? But they cried out
the more, saying, Let Him be crucified. When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing...  when he had
scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified." (Matt. 27:1,2,22-24,26).

Judah was punished for this transgression about 70 AD when Jerusalem was destroyed and the Jews
forced from their homeland, "Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces." The
Roman Empire was gradually reduced to one country, Italy, but it was reserved to be part of future
confederacies.

Because of a warning from Christ, the disciples and the Christian church they led escaped the
destruction of Jerusalem and carried the message of Christ to the world.

"Bind up the testimony, seal the law among My disciples." (Is. 8:16.17).

God's people gather up the words of Christ and the Apostles and bind them in a book, the New
Testament, "bind up the testimony." While they are led by the disciples, the Christian are sealed in God's
Law, "seal the law among my disciples." Over the centuries, however, they are led into heathen forms of
worship that estrange them from God and God hides His face from both Christian and Jew.

"And I will wait upon the Lord, that hideth His face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for Him." (Is. 8:
17).

In the Gentile lands, God's people of all the tribes (the whole house of Jacob) wait for Him to bring forth
the promised Kingdom of God on earth. They don't realize that God had hidden His face from them
because the Christians have refused God's Law and the Jews have refused Christ. Until they repent and
reform, they will look for God in vain. Here is the prophecy of what happens after they reform.

"And say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the
heathen, whither they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land:
and I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to
them all: and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more
at all... And David My servant shall be king over them; and
they all shall have one shepherd (Yeshua):
they shall also walk in My judgments, and observe My statutes, and do them
." (Ez. 37:21,22,24).

"Behold, I (Isaiah) and the children whom the Lord hath given me (Shearjashub, Mahershalalhashbaz) are
for signs and for wonders in Israel from the Lord of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion." (Is. 8:18).

Isaiah is a sign that the children of Israel will have guidance from the mouth of prophets when they seek
their God and His Kingdom. Shearjashub was a promise that the captured of Judah would be returned.
Shearjashub means "a remnant shall escape or return." This promise has been fulfilled by the gathering
of the Jews into Palestine after the Holocaust and the founding of the nation Israel. This is a sign of the
end time and a wonder indeed.

Mahershalalhashbaz is defined as "plunder speedeth; spoil hasteth." In history, the name of Isaiah's son,
Mahershalalhashbaz was a prophecy of an immediate event, the overthrow of Syria, the heathen nation
that had confederated with the northern kingdom, Israel, to overthrow Judah. Mahershalalhashbaz as a
sign suggests the sudden overthrow of the heathen who fight against the Kingdom of God by the latter
day Assyrian, the One World Government. Since they are now a part of the One World Government, that
would be a wonder. Since Mahershalalhashbaz is both a name and a prophecy, this may happen twice.

"And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto wizards that peep,
and that mutter: should not a people seek unto their God? for the living to the dead?" (Is. 8: 19).

The heathen are expendable to God because they are spiritualists that "seek unto them that have familiar
spirits." And the heathen trust in witchcraft and black magic, they seek "unto wizards that peep, and that
mutter." God's people are advised to seek answers from Him, "should not a people seek unto their God?
(look) for the living (word of God, not) to the (spiritually) dead (people, magicians, idols)?"

Since God has advised His people to seek for His living word, He also tells them how to discern His
messengers from all of Satan's ministry.

'To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in
them." (Is. 8:20).

The Law of God is found in the Old Testament. It includes commandments, statutes and judgments which
we are admonished by the prophet Malachi to remember
before God destroys the wicked with the seven
last plagues.

The testimony is the words of the prophets. As such, it includes the words of Christ. "I will raise them up a
Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee (Moses), and will put My words in his mouth; and he
shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not
hearken unto My words which he shall speak in My name, I will require it of him." (Deut. 18:18,19).

The Apostolic writings can also be added to the testimony, because they were prophesied in both Isaiah 7
and in this chapter.  

"And it shall come to pass in that day, that a man (Yeshua) shall nourish a young cow (Paul), and two
sheep (the Apostles); and it shall come to pass, for the abundance of milk (spiritual truth, the words of the
prophets) that they shall give he shall eat butter (a readily understandable spiritual message): for butter
and honey (the Law of God) shall every one eat that is left in the land." (Is. 7:21,22). (For a full explanation
of this prophecy, see No. 93, "Isaiah 7, Yeshua And The Apostles.")

"Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples." (Is. 8:16.17). God's people gathers up the words
of Christ and the Apostles and bind them in a book, the New Testament, "bind up the testimony."

Light is spiritual truth, so after God advises His people to seek His living word, He tells them that false
messengers will always contradict the Bible. The reverse is also true, real messengers from God will be
in harmony with both Old and New Testaments.

The concluding verses of this chapter touch on the trials of God's people who fail to find God's Kingdom,
the great multidude who survive the time of tribulation. They will suffer terribly.

"And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall
be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward. And they shall
look unto the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and they shall be driven to
darkness." (Is. 8:21,22). A full explanation of these verses would be a part of a study of Isaiah 9.

Amo Paul Bishop Roden
The temple as restored by Hezekiah