Here is a brief history of the Dome of the Rock and the Al Aqsa mosque. They were constructed on the
Temple Mount in Jerusalem, Israel. Jerusalem was captured about 638 AD, six years after the death of
Muhammad, by the Muslim Caliph Omar. Soon after his occupation of the city, Omar cleansed the Temple
Mount, built a small mosque and dedicated the site to Muslim worship. A larger timber mosque was
constructed on the site starting about 674. Between 687-691 (other authorities give a date range from
685 to 692), Caliph Abd al-Malik built a shrine over the sacred rock (which was considered to be the site
where Abraham had built an altar on which he prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac), and it was named
Qubbat As-Sakhrah, which means "The Dome of the Rock." Between 709-715, Caliph al-Walid, son of Abd
al-Malik, rebuilt and expanded the mosque.

The mosque has been completely or partially destroyed by earthquake several times, in 747,1016, 1033,
1927, and 1936. Reconstruction followed each destruction. The Al Aqsa mosque was completely
reconstructed from 1938 to 1942. The Dome of the Rock has never been destroyed, although it was
damaged by earthquake in 1927.

Christ said of the abomination of desolation: "When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation,
spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) then let
them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains..." (Matt. 24:15,16).

So far, in Part 2, I have only begun to show that the Al Aqsa mosque and the Dome of the Rock fulfill the
following prophecy. "And he (the king of the north, see Dan. 11:40) shall
plant the tabernacles of his
palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help
him." (Dan. 11:45).

Houteff identifies the final embodiment of the "king of the north" of Dan. 11:40-44 as the British Empire.
(V. T. Houteff, "The World, Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow," 1942, p. 86-89). In 1917 (during WWI), the British
captured Jerusalem from the Turks. At that time, everything in Jerusalem belonged to the "king of the
north," (Britain), by right of conquest, a time honored ritual that formed all the great empires. This
ownership included both the Al Aqsa mosque and the Dome of the Rock, they were "the tabernacles of
his palace."   

After the war the British continued their control of Palestine under the British Mandate of 1920. Almost
immediately, the British tried to set up a joint administration of religious affairs with the Arabs. However,
by the time the Supreme Muslim Council was finally negotiated into being (1921), the British had given to
the council all the authority the Turks held over Palestinian religious affairs. (Uri M. Kupferschmidt, "The
Supreme Muslim Council: Islam under the British mandate for Palestine," 1987, E. J. Brill, Leiden, The
Netherlands, p. 25). Authority over Temple Mount was therefore given to the Supreme Muslim Council,
and extensive repairs were made to the Al Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock between 1924 and
1928. (Ibid, p. 129-131).

Authority over Temple Mount has remained in the hands of the Muslims ever since. In 1967, after winning
a decisive victory in the six day war, the government of Israel transferred control of Temple Mount to an
Islamic waqf (roughly translates as common law) trust.
Two buildings, which started out as tabernacles
(temporary religious sites) in God's plan, were permanently "planted" in law and tradition by the final act
of the king of the north, Britain, during the Palestinian Mandate which ruled the Holy Land from 1920 to
. The British Empire thereafter continued to decline (India for example achieved independence in
1947), "yet he shall come to his end (as an empire), and none shall help him." (Dan. 11:45).

Of course Israel knew that the Al Aqsa mosque and the Dome of the Rock were abomination. But
surrounded with enemies, even after a decisive victory in 1967, they hesitated to give the Arab world a
rallying point by assuming control of Temple Mount. Still less were they prepared to face the censure of
the world by tearing down the Dome of the Rock, which is generally viewed as an architectural

Despite calling these buildings an abomination (as are all heathen temples), and particularly abominable
because they are in a holy place, I don't advocate tearing them down either. The time for that has come
and gone. Israel took possession of the site over forty years ago. Forty is the number of purification,
whether it is forty years in the wilderness of Egypt, or forty days for the mother of a male child. The forty
years to cleanse Israel from these heathen temples expired in 2007.

The prophecy of Christ concerning the Jews has been fulfilled. "Ye blind guides, which strain at a gnat,
and swallow a camel." (Matt. 23:24). In 167 BC the Jews revolted because the temple was desecrated,
they refused to swallow the gnat. In 1967, they swallowed the camel, they allowed heathen temples to
stand on Mount Moriah.

We are now more than ever in a time for prayer. Any action against the Dome of the Rock and the Al Aqsa
mosque could have a domino effect and pull the world into WWIII. The Kingdom of God is not prepared
for WWIII, most of its future residents are still in the cities. However, the understanding of the prophecy
of Daniel 11:45 by God's people is in itself a warning to leave the cities.

Next, let's consider the words of Daniel, all the scriptures touching on abomination and desolation, to
determine just what Christ meant when He said: "When ye therefore shall see the abomination of
desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (
whoso readeth, let him
:) then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains..." (Matt. 24:15,16).

The earliest "abomination that maketh desolate" is found in Daniel in the prophecy of the Messiah, a
prophecy fully explained in Part 1 of this series. For this study only the last verse of the prophecy is

"And he (the Messiah, Christ) shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the
week He shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease (by offering Himself as Our Perfect Sacrifice)
and for the overspreading of abominations He shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and
that determined shall be poured upon the desolate." (Dan. 9:27).The Jews continued to sacrifice animals,
a practice that Christ's sacrifice had ended. They persecuted and killed the followers of Christ. This was
"the overspreading of abominations." The desolations occurred as the Romans destroyed Jerusalem
about 70 AD. Christ warned His church so that they escaped. (See "The Abomination Of Desolation, Part 1,
The Last Warning.")

The pattern we see here is the coming of a savior, the persecution of that savior and those who accept
the message, the destruction of the persecutors, and the deliverance of those who follow the message.
Since persecutors love to persecute and God loves to deliver, this pattern will recur in the end time.
saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be the
Lord's." (Obad. 1:21).

The second abomination of desolation is found in Daniel 8 and further explained in Daniel 11. Here are
the scriptures.

"And out of one of them (the four divisions of Alexander's Grecian Empire, characterized as horns in this
chapter) came forth a little horn (pagan Rome), which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and
toward the east, and toward the pleasant land (Israel). And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven
(the early Christians); and it cast down some of the host (the early Christians) and of the stars (the
Apostles) to the ground (killed them), and stamped upon them (tried to eradicate their message). Yea, he
(the Roman Pope) magnified himself even to the prince of the host (sought to replace Christ our
Mediator with himself), and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away (see next paragraph), and the place
of His sanctuary was cast down (Jerusalem was replaced by Rome). And an host (an army of false priests
keeping a false daily) was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast
down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered." (Dan. 8:8-12).

As the early Christian church was infiltrated by devils, the little horn (the Roman Papacy) was given
power to defile the services and the truth of the sanctuary by reason of the sin in the church. "And he
(the Pope) shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High,
and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the
dividing of time." (Dan. 7:25). The most important change was the relocation of the Sabbath from Saturday
to Sunday, because keeping the Sabbath is a commandment, and our keeping the commandments is our
claim on God's mercy.
God promises to show "mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my
." (Ex. 20:6). The feast days, Passover and Tabernacles, were replaced by Easter and
Christmas. The time of the daily was changed from the third hour and the ninth hour (after sunrise). Some
Catholic churches now keep only one daily service. Most Protestant churches don't keep the daily.

Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long
shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the
sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three
hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed." (Dan. 8:13-14).

In interpreting these verses, V. T. Houteff started the 2300 days at the start of the prophecy of the
Messiah (Dan. 9:25-27). "Know therefore and understand, that
from the going forth of the commandment
to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince
shall be seven weeks, and threescore
and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times." (Dan. 9:25). This
timetable led to the beginning of the restoration of the Saturday Sabbath in 1844, the formation of a small
group of Seventh-day Adventists.

Further, Houteff related the scripture, Dan. 11:31 to Daniel 8. ""And by him the daily sacrifice was taken
away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down. And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice
by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced and prospered."
(Dan. 8:11, 12.) ... In Daniel 11:31, reference is made to the same incident: "And arms shall stand on his
part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily,... and they shall place
the abomination that maketh desolate."" (V. T. Houteff, "The Shepherd's Rod," Vol. 2, 1932, p. 130,131).

Following this prophetic timeline into Daniel, Chapter 12, Houteff comes to another time prophecy. "And
from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set
up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the
thousand three hundred and five and thirty days." (Dan. 12:11,12).

Houteff also relates this scripture to the defilement and restoration of the Sabbath, and he includes the
sanctuary truth. What is that? ""That which took the place of the Holy Sabbath, and the Sanctuary truth, is
called "the abomination." Consequently Sunday observance and a counterfeit priesthood are the only
things to which the term "abomination" can be applied, for the seventh-day was supplanted by the first
day of the week, Sunday -- "the abomination that maketh desolate." That is, the Sabbath was lost sight of,
or "cast to the ground," until 1844, together with the sanctuary truth. As the truth concerning the
sanctuary service was "cast to the ground," (the truth of the priesthood of Christ in the heavenly
sanctuary), the Pagan priesthood, or the Papal, as it is called now, was set up, thus taking away from the
church the true mediatorial work of Christ. The truth of the sanctuary, jointly with the Sabbath, was
brought to light in 1844..."" (Ibid, p. 131).

""To ascertain the prophetic time when the Seventh-day Sabbath ("daily"), and the "truth" ("sanctuary")
were trodden underfoot, and Sunday observance with its Pagan priesthood set up in their stead, it would
be necessary to subtract 1335 years from 1844, which would point back to 508 A.D., (dealing with the
Hebrew calendar). In that year the "Daily" (Sabbath) and the "Sanctuary" truths were "cast to the
ground," and the "Abomination" (Sunday) "set up."

""In order to understand the truth of the 1290 years ("days"), add this figure to 508, which points forward
to 1798 A.D. at which time the 1260 prophetic days of Daniel 7:25 terminated with the imprisonment of
Pope Pius VI. Thus the prophetic treading of the "host" ended in 1798, but the "sanctuary" and the
"daily" truths were not restored and placed in the church until after the fulfillment of the 1335 days
(years) in 1844. This unquestionable evidence proves that the movement that arose in 1844 is God's true
church, and divinely predicted."" (Ibid, p. 132).

Symmachus (498-514), the 51st Pope (if you count Simon Peter) ruled the church in 508. He was a strong
supporter of the rights of the papacy in a time when the Roman papacy was solidifying primacy over the
church. I have found nothing that particularly distinguished the year 508, nevertheless, I have no
reservations about Houteff's conclusions. Time has proved him right.

On the other hand, I think that the prophecy of Daniel 12:11,12 has another later application. I expect it to
be fulfilled again with the restoration of the Daily as it was fulfilled with the restoration of the Sabbath.
The fulfillment of this prophecy during the angel messages of Revelation 14, the restoration of the
Sabbath, is the
instruction of the fulfillment of this prophecy, the restoration of the Daily, during the end
time trumpets. (See No. 32, "Ramifications Of Jericho.")

Remember, Christ will not return until the restoration of
all holy things. "And he shall send Jesus Christ,
which before was preached unto you: whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all
things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began." (Acts 3:
20,21). A daily worship service has been restored (the Sabbath), now
the daily (kept in the correct way at
the correct times) must be restored.

Ben Roden, who restored keeping the feast days in the Branch Davidian church in 1960, also restored
keeping the Daily in the church. Ben began studies on the Daily in the fall of 1975 and published his first
tract on the Daily in 1976. (Ben Roden, "The Daily, Part 1, 1976, p. 2). Ben published his second tract on
the Daily in 1978. It was the culmination of studies given in 1977. (Ben Roden, "The Daily, Part 2, 1978, p.
2). At this point the Daily was well enough established in the church for Ben to teach it in his published
Sabbath school lessons. Here is Ben quoting himself to summarize the gist of his teaching on the Daily.

""Since the Lord reveals His secrets to His prophets, and the church, admittedly, does not have a
correct understanding of Daniel 8:11, 'taking away the 'daily,' and since of this Scripture the Bible
Commentary says, 'We must wait until a better day for a final answer,' it is evident that another prophet
must come after Ellen G. White to explain, 'Taking away the 'Daily,' of Daniel 8:11, as well as many other
prophecies that the church does not understand. For a better day and the final answer to Daniel's 8:11,
the Lord says, 'Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all
Israel, with the statutes and judgments. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of
the great and dreadful day of the Lord.' Mal. 4:4,5.... The 'Daily' is a part of the ceremonial law of Moses,
and this is one reason we are admonished to remember the ceremonial law of Moses." – The Daily, Part
2, pp. 4,5."

""That time has come, and the answer to Daniel's vision of Chapter 8:11 is here. . ." – Ibid., p. 4."

"". . . ‘ . . .the messenger . . . ‘ . . . is today teaching the 'Daily' ministration of His (Christ's) blood in the
Sanctuary above and is calling all Israel to the daily worship hours, 9 and 3, that each may be prepared to
stand in the great and dreadful day. . ." – The Daily, Part 1, pp. 7,8."" (Ibid, "Branch Sabbath School
Lessons," Vol. 8, Nos. 1-3, 1978, p. 40-41).

Note that Ben urged his flock to keep the Daily at 9AM and 3PM. While this is close to right, the Daily
really should be kept at the third hour after sunrise and the ninth hour after sunrise. For example, if the
sun rose at 6 AM, the morning worship hour would be after the end of the second hour at 8 AM.
Therefore the third hour would stretch from 8 AM to 9 AM.

Ben Roden was not at all successful at reintroducing the Daily into the Christian church. His church was
ground underfoot by various parts of the American government. And that too is according to the
prophecy of Daniel. Let me tie it all together. Here is what Christ said.

"When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in
the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) then let them which be in Judaea flee into the
mountains..." (Matt. 24:15,16).

The Al Aqsa mosque and the Dome of the Rock are an abomination and if they don't affect you, they make
the angels weep, and now they have been called to your attention; "when ye therefore shall
see the
abomination of desolation..." Daniel spoke of them in Dan. 11:45: "he shall plant the
tabernacles of his
between the seas in the glorious holy mountain..." They are on the holiest place on earth, Temple
Mount, they "stand in
the holy place." Prophetically, they are a mystery, hard to understand, "(whoso
readeth, let him understand:)." They are a warning to God's people, "then let them which be in Judaea
flee into the mountains..."

The prophecy of the planting of the Al Aqsa mosque and the Dome of the Rock on the glorious holy
mountain (Dan. 11:45) is followed in the next chapter by a time prophecy. "And from the time that the daily
sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand
two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and
five and thirty days." (Dan. 12:11,12).

The daily sacrifice was taken away when a mosque, with its false worship, was placed on Temple Mount, it
stood between God and the prayers of his people. (Remember as well that the "taking away the daily" of
Daniel 8:11,12 and Dan. 11:31 also involve a false priesthood keeping a false holy day, that is the pattern.)
But the abomination on Temple Mount was not fulfilled until both "tabernacles of his (Islam's) palace"
were present there. That, based on the dates given by various sources, was somewhere between 685
and 692.

Adding a "thousand two hundred and ninety days" to 685 and 692 gives us a time span that ranges from
1975 to 1982. In the first four years of this time span, Ben Roden restored the Daily in his church. He was
not successful in restoring the Daily to Christianity, but that will also happen.

The pattern set in the restoration of the Sabbath truth will also govern the restoration of the daily after
"the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days." Adding 1,335 to 685 and 692 gives us a time span
of 2020 to 2027, the time to expect a great blessing from the Lord, "blessed is he that waiteth, and
cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days." (Dan. 12:12).

This blessing will not be the instruction of a blessing which we received with the restoration of the
Sabbath in Holy Ghost power (Ellen White and the messengers that followed her) in 1884. It will be a full
fledged blessing, the Holy Ghost herself, Christ's King enthroned and the Kingdom of God, the
Millennium Kingdom, in control of the earth. Between then and now are the years of the gathering and
the years of the seven plagues. Although they will partially overlap, both the gathering and plagues will
take years, so this series of articles is one more warning to get out of the cities

Finally, the abomination of desolation has focused our eyes on Jerusalem, but studying it has not
uncovered a situation that would make Christ's prophecy an immediate warning. But its very text, "
into the mountains" indicates that it is to be a last minute warning. So, there will be another abomination
of desolation, which will "stand in
the holy place." This must be an action or series of actions so
offensive to God that He will take immediate reprisals against the wicked of the earth. As in the first
abomination of desolation, the crucifixion of Christ and the persecution of His Christians that followed,
likely violence against God's Kingdom will be involved. Prepare a place to run to, and keep your eyes on
the holy places of Jerusalem.

Amo Paul Bishop Roden